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Note: exercise quizzes are available only for those part of the hand-operated covering rule of the roadway (Chapters 4 with 11 and Road Signs).


You have probably heard the facts before - driving when impaired or intoxicated is a severe traffic safety problem in the united States. In brand-new York State, more than 40 percent of every highway deaths indicate impaired driving. But the facts and also statistics perform not phone call the totality story. Behind the numbers space thousands of lives cut short, permanent or disabling injuries, and families devastated since someone drove while under the influence of alcohol or various other drugs.

When friend drink alcohol or take other drugs, safe driving is not possible. Not every impaired or intoxicated driver reasons a traffic crash, yet each one is dangerous, putting the stays of self or herself and those share the road at risk.

Young people, who have actually less suffer with alcohol or drugs and driving, are at high risk. Chauffeurs under age 21 are approximately 4 percent of the steering population, yet 7 percent of the impaired drivers connected in deadly crashes. This is one factor the driver license revocation penalties are more severe for young chauffeurs who drive under the influence of alcohol or various other drugs.

Because steering "under the influence" is so dangerous, the penalties because that alcohol or drug-related violations are tough and enforcement is important. The possibility of apprehension and also conviction room high and brand-new York State law strictly boundaries your capacity to plea bargain once charged v an offense regarded alcohol or drugs.


Alcohol delays your reaction time, to reduce your capacity to see clearly, alters your judgment of speed and also distances, regularly makes you less inhibited and makes you much more prone to take it chances. The important an abilities you must drive safely room made weaker.

Because your vision is normally restricted at night, it is particularly dangerous to drink and drive after dark. Alcohol also reduces your capacity to recover from the glare the headlights. When an additional vehicle moves towards you, you have the right to be blinded by its headlights for a long duration of time.

You do not need to look or feeling intoxicated because that these points to occur. The symptom of alcohol intake can start long before you become intoxicated or also legally impaired and begin v the first drink.

As alcohol physically boundaries your capability to drive, it also makes friend less mindful of what is happening to her safe control abilities. That becomes complicated for you come judge your condition. You can obtain confidence about driving, when you need to not it is in driving in ~ all.

During each mile girlfriend drive, you make numerous decisions. Her decisions turn into actions that store your vehicle controlled and also ensure you protect against crashes. Alcohol renders it daunting to make correct decisions and also to take it the most safe actions.

For example: You have just quit at a avoid sign. You see an additional vehicle approaching the intersection. Friend must conveniently make a decision whether it is for sure to go with the intersection. Under the affect of alcohol, you are much more likely to do a dorn decision and "take a chance.” Your slower reaction time, and also the bad decision, could reason a crash.



Drugs, which include numerous prescription and also over-the-counter medications, can influence your ability to drive. They have the right to have effects comparable to alcohol or also worse. If you take medication, even a remedy for colds or allergies the is not prescribed, check the brand for warnings around its effects. If you are unsure, questioning your physician or pharmacist around driving if on the medication.

Never drink alcohol when you are taking other drugs. It could be dangerous, frequently enhancing the effects of the alcohol and also the other drug. Because that example, taking one drink while you are also using a cold remedy could impact you as lot as numerous drinks.

It deserve to be a criminal offense to drive while impaired through the impact of drugs,alcohol, or the mix of alcohol and drugs, including cannabis, marijuana, and/or illegal drugs together as but not limited to cocaine, LSD, heroin, opium, and also by some prescription drugs. Medicine can affect your reflexes, judgment, vision and also alertness in ways comparable to alcohol and also they may have actually other dangerous impacts as well.

A mix of alcohol and other drugs severely reduces your capacity to drive and also can cause serious health and wellness problems, i beg your pardon can incorporate death.


ALCOHOL, various other DRUGS and THE LAW

In brand-new York State, you have the right to be arrested for kind of of this offenses: aggravated driving when intoxicated (Agg-DWI), driving when intoxicated (DWI), driving with a blood alcohol contents of .08 percent or much more (.08 BAC), driving while ability impaired by a drug (DWAI-drug), steering while ability impaired by alcohol (DWAI), or control under the linked influence the alcohol and also drugs.

Blood alcohol content (BAC) is the percent of alcohol in your blood and also is normally identified by a chemical check of breath, blood, to pee or saliva. A BAC of more than .05 percent is legal evidence that you are impaired, a BAC that .08 percent or greater is evidence of intoxication, and a BAC the .18 percent or an ext is evidence of aggravated driving while intoxicated. people think chemistry test proof is compelled to prove you were intoxicated or impaired. However, the that a police officer about the means you drive, her appearance and also behavior as soon as arrested can administer enough proof to judge you, even without a chemical test.

If girlfriend are found guilty of alcohol or drug-related violation, the court must revoke or suspend your driver license when you space sentenced. Also if the court permits you to continue driving because that 20 days, your driver license will certainly be bring away immediately.

The BAC standards and penalties for commercial vehicle drivers are also tougher than those suggested in this chapter. For finish information, see section 1 the the advertisement Driver"s hand-operated (CDL-10).



Your blood alcohol content (BAC) counts on:

How much alcohol friend drink.How lot time passes between drinks.Your weight.

Your BAC does not depend on the type of beverage friend drink, how fit you room or exactly how you deserve to "hold her liquor."

Different types of drinks execute not affect you differently. That is the lot of alcohol friend consume, no whether it is in beer, wine or liquor the raises her BAC and reduces her driving ability. These drinks contain about the exact same amount of alcohol - 1 1/2 ounces of liquor, 5 ounces that wine, 12 ounces the beer and 12 ounces of wine cooler. None is "safer come drink" 보다 the others.

For a 150-pound male , each among these drinks contains enough alcohol to boost his BAC by around .02 percent. Top top average, it takes the body roughly one hour to remove that much alcohol. Studies suggest that a woman will take longer to procedure and eliminate alcohol native the blood. This can reason a higher BAC end a longer duration of time.


Compared come the 150-pound male defined above, your body weight can make some difference in the BAC and also the results of alcohol. No one has actually immunity to the results of alcohol. The is a simple fact: the more you drink in a given period of time, the greater your BAC will be and the less safe you will certainly drive.

It takes just a couple of drinks to rise your BAC to levels at which it is illegal to drive. And also remember, the effects of alcohol on your capacity to drive begin at also lower BAC levels after just one drink.

Eating prior to or while friend drink helps slow the absorption of alcohol somewhat, yet it can not stop intoxication or disability if you have too lot to drink.

The only technique to efficiently reduce her BAC is to no drink end a period of time. Coffee, exercise and also cold showers cannot minimize your BAC and also the impacts of alcohol. Lock can assist you stay awake, however it deserve to not readjust your BAC or make you sober.



Chemical tests use blood, breath, urine or saliva to measure up the BAC of a person. If you are arrested for an alcohol or drug-related violation, the police officer will most likely request the you submit to a chemistry test. Under brand-new York"s "Implied Consent" law, once you journey a car in this state friend are thought about to have currently given your consent to take it this kind of test.

Chemical test refusal is a separate concern from whether you were guilty of one alcohol or drug-related violation. If friend refuse to take the check after gift arrested, her driver license will certainly be suspended as soon as you are arraigned in court on the alcohol or various other drug-related charge. In addition, the fact that you refuse a chemistry test have the right to be carried up in court as soon as you space tried top top the alcohol or drug-related charge. If a hearing later on confirms you refuse the test, her driver license will certainly be revoked even if girlfriend are discovered not guilty the the alcohol or other drug-related violation. For information about driver license revocations and civil penalties for chemical check refusals, see Alcohol and also Drug driving Violations.





1st offense (Misdemeanor)Minimum $1,000 maximum $2,500Up come 1 yearMinimum 1-Year Revocation
2nd Offense (Class E Within 10 YearsMinimum $1,000 Maximum $5,000Up come 4 yearsMinimum 18-Month Revocation


1st offense (Misdemeanor)Minimum $500 Maximum $1,000Up come 1 yearMinimum 6-Month Revocation (DWI); Minimum 6-Month Suspension (DWAI-D)
2nd Offense (Class E in ~ 10 YearsMinimum $1,000 Maximum $5,000Up to 4 years (DWI & DWAI-D); minimum 5 job jail or 30 job of community business (for DWI within prior 5 years)Minimum 1-Year Revocation


1st Offense (Misdemeanor)Minimum $500  best $1,000Up to 1 yearMinimum 6-Month Revocation
2nd Offense (Class E Within 10 YearsMinimum $1,000  best $5,000Up come 4 yearsMinimum 1-Year Revocation


DRIVING WHILE capacity IMPAIREDDWAI (more than .05 as much as .07 Blood Alcohol contents )CONVICTIONFINE just * JAIL SENTENCEREQUIRED LICENSE ACTION **
1st Offense  (Traffic Infraction)Minimum $300  best $500Up come 15 days90-day Suspension
2nd Offense (Traffic Infraction)Within 5 years Minimum $500  best $750Up come 30 daysMinimum 6-Month Revocation

NOTE: higher fines, longer jail sentences, and also increased license penalties (including life time revocation) may an outcome from a third or subsequent conviction within 10 years.

Conviction fine only, does not incorporate mandatory surcharge or crime victims assistance fee.

** The room of engine Vehicles determines once your license deserve to be returned. That return or reinstatement based upon state legislation or regulation, is no automatic. You have to reapply for her license and may need to pass a test.

NOTE: license actions for those under period 21 are different.



The table "Penalties because that Alcohol/Drug related Violations" defines fines, surcharges, license penalties and possible imprisonment if you room convicted of one alcohol or drug-related violation. Impaired or intoxicated driving can likewise have other serious results.

Repeat Offenders

Drivers through repeat dangerous driving convictions in brand-new York State confront one of the toughest licensing plans in the nation. These regulations contact for:

Lifetime record Review by will evaluation the lifetime record that all drivers who apply to have actually a patent reinstated ~ a revocation.Truly permanent License Revocation because that Persistently Drunk & Dangerous Drivers: after conducting a life time record review, will certainly application because that reinstatement of a license after revocation if the applicant has:

• five or an ext alcohol or drug associated driving convictions in the applicant"s lifetime, or

• three or much more alcohol or drug associated driving convictions in the 25 year look back duration plus at the very least one other serious control offense throughout that period. A major driving offense includes: a fatal crash, a driving-related penal law conviction, an buildup of 20 or more points assessed because that driving violations within the 25 year look back duration or having actually two or much more driving convictions throughout the 25 year look ago period, each worth 5 points or more.

Delayed Re-Licensing, driving Restrictions, & Interlocks for other Drivers with recurring Alcohol- or Drug-Related driving Convictions: because that those drivers search reinstatement of a patent after revocation who have three or four alcohol- or drug-related steering convictions but no major driving violation in the 25 year look earlier period, will:

• your applications for five years past their statutory revocation period if the applicant"s license was revoked because that an alcohol- or drug-related offense; or two added years if the applicant"s license was revoked for a reason various other than one alcohol or drug related offense;

• gain back the applicant"s license after the additional period as a "restricted" license limiting the applicant"s steering to, for example, travel to and also from work or medical visits; and

• Require one interlock machine on the vehicle driven by the applicant for five years from the date of the interlock an equipment installation.

End the palliation of mandatory Suspension or Revocation Periods: Previously, repeat drunk vehicle drivers whose licenses have been revoked or suspended could get their full driving privileges back in as small as seven weeks by completing"s Impaired Driver Program."s new regulations will certainly ensure that those chauffeurs cannot obtain their driving privileges till their full term of suspension or revocation has ended.Zero yongin for vehicle drivers Under period 21

The legitimate purchase and also possession period for beverages containing alcohol in new York State is 21. Under the state"s "zero tolerance" law, the is a violation because that a human being under 21 to drive with BAC that have the right to be measure up (.02 come .07). After ~ a finding of violation is figured out at a hearing, the driver license will certainly be exposed for 6 months. The driver then need to pay a $100 suspension discontinuation fee and also a $125 civil penalty to it is in re-licensed. Because that a second Zero tolerance violation, the driver license will be revoked for at least one year or until the driver get 21, whichever is longer.

Illegal purchase Of Beverages comprise Alcohol

When you use a driver patent or Non-Driver i would card together proof of period to illegally acquisition beverages the contain alcohol, state legislation requires the suspension of her driver patent or privilege to use for a license.

Open Container Law

It is a web traffic infraction for a driver or passenger in a motor vehicle on a public highway, street or road to drink a beverage comprise alcohol or to have actually a beverage containing alcohol. It is additionally a website traffic infraction for a driver or passenger in a motor car on a publicly highway, street or road to burn marajuana or cannabis. The penalty for a an initial conviction is a fine approximately $150, a causing obligation surcharge, a crime victim help fee, and also possible imprisonment of 15 days. Added offenses within 18 months bring greater penalties. The law exempts passenger in vehicles favor stretch limousines and other vehicles that display a commerce certificate or allow issued through the U.S. Room of Transportation or the chrischona2015.orgS room of Transportation.

The Ignition Interlock Program and also Leandra"s Law

Courts have to order every persons judge of driving while intoxicated or aggravated driving while intoxicated, or the a penal legislation of i beg your pardon an alcohol related violation of kind of provision of section 1192 of the car & Traffic regulation is an important element come install and maintain one ignition interlock on kind of vehicle own or operated by such driver for at the very least 12 months. (This device, purchased and installed in ~ the expense of the motorist, is connected to a motor auto ignition system and also measures the alcohol contents of the breath the the driver. The auto cannot be began until the driver provides an acceptable sample breath.) The 12 month requirement may be waived by the court if the defendant demonstrates that the interlock an equipment was set up for at the very least six months, unless the court order the interlock maker to be set up for a longer period of time. The judge additionally must stimulate an alcohol assessment because that a repeat offender. If the assessment indicates alcohol therapy is necessary, the judge might be compelled to stimulate the perfect of therapy as a problem of probation.

Drivers that commit these alcohol-related offenses with a son under 16 years old in the car may be charged with a course E, punishable by up to four years in prison. (This is known as Leandra’s Law.)

The law additionally makes that a to journey drunk through a conditional license, i m sorry is a patent that might be approve by the when someone is judge of an alcohol-related offense. Together a license might be supplied only for driving to and from crucial destinations such together school, work and also medical appointments. The conditional driver license will be revoked if the motorist does no comply with the court state or for a conviction for type of traffic offense other than parking, avoiding or standing.




If you death or reason an injury to an additional person since of an alcohol or various other drug-related violation, you deserve to be convicted of criminally negligent homicide, automobile manslaughter or assault. These carry a good of hundreds of dollars and a preferably jail term of 15 years.If you journey while your patent is rely or revoked, you confront a mandatory good of $200 come $1000, and a causing obligation jail hatchet or probation. If impaired or intoxicated when you room arrested, the maximum mandatory fine is $5,000 and also the car can it is in seized.Liability insurance may not sheathe the price of injuries and damage indigenous a website traffic crash. You could be sue for hundreds of dollars and also you would discover it challenging and expensive to buy liability insurance for several years.Besides fines and surcharges, you could additionally face i have lot of money legal fees.You might have a criminal record, which makes it harder to obtain a task or relocate forward in your job.




You space not most likely to worry about the results of her actions while you room impaired or intoxicated. The moment to take into consideration them, and how to prevent them, is before you come to be impaired or intoxicated.

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If you walk to occasions with the same team of friends, revolve drivers. Each girlfriend takes a turn being the "designated driver" who does not drink alcohol.Arrange to stay overnight or ride home with a friend that does no drink. Before you drink, give your auto keys to a friend that does not drink and also who will certainly not permit you journey after friend drink.Call a cab or use public transportation.Drink slowly. Alternating between drinks through alcohol and drinks without alcohol.Do not make alcohol the focus of her event. If friend have had too lot alcohol, protect against drinking number of hours before you intended to leaving so her body can begin to reduced your BAC.Do not consume (e.g. Smoke, vape, eat, etc) Marajuana or Cannabis before driving.


Before you relocate on to chapter 10, make certain you have the right to answer these questions:

How does drunk driving rank together a highway security problem?What are the effects of alcohol top top the an abilities you must drive?Which of these drugs could influence your ability to drive: marijuana, a cold remedy, a tranquilizer?If you take a non-prescription drug, what should you do before you drive?What is a likely effect when friend take one more drug while you drink beverages comprise alcohol?On what three conditions does your blood alcohol content (BAC) depend?Which of these contains more alcohol than the other three: 1 1/2 ounces (30 ml) of 80 proof liquor, five ounces (120 ml) wine, 12 ounces (360 ml) the beer, 12 ounces (360 ml) of wine-cooler?On average, exactly how long does that take your body to remove the alcohol contained in 12 ounces of beer?What is the just effective an approach to minimize your BAC?What happens to your driver license if girlfriend refuse a chemical test?Other than fines, activity against your driver license and also a feasible jail term, what are some of the results as soon as you journey under the affect of alcohol or other drugs?