Introduction
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Lettuce is categorized as 2 types: head (iceberg) and also leaf, which contains romaine, butterhead, and also leaf types. Lettuce has actually been get an impression in the unified States because colonial times. In the early on 1900s, the ice cream shipping industry occurred in the western states, expanding the variety and popular of lettuce. In terms of annual eatings every capita, lettuce salads rank 2nd only come potatoes. In 2015, annual consumption of all types of lettuce to be 25.8 pounds every person, of which 51 percent (13.3 pounds every person) to be head lettuce. Lettuce intake was virtually the exact same in the previous three years, however down about 20 percent indigenous ten year ago. (USDA ERS Yearbook Data, 2016) The percent of complete consumption that head lettuce and leaf/romaine lettuce acquired from imports to be 6.9 percent and also 5.4 percent, respectively.

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Marketing

All lettuce is marketed together a new product. Today, almost all head lettuce is field-packed for bulk sale or for transfer to a salad handling plant. Approximates suggest that about one-fourth of every iceberg lettuce is currently destined for processing right into prepackage salads.

Production

Lettuce is a cool-season crop that grows ideal with center daytime temperature (73oF) and cool nights (45oF). Lettuce arrays are selected for certain planting durations and condition resistance. Lettuce is produce year ring in the U.S. Back lettuce is created in numerous states, California and also Arizona overcome U.S. Production. California accounted because that 71 percent of U.S. Head lettuce manufacturing in 2013, complied with by Arizona producing nearly 29 percent. These states additionally produce end 98 percent the the sheet lettuce in the U.S.

According come the USDA National agricultural Statistics company (NASS) in 2015, lettuce was created on 119,000acres.The number of farms developing lettuce top top 5 acre or less boosted 38% between 2007 and also 2012. The average yield of head lettuce in 2015 to be 36,200 pounds.

Total lettuce manufacturing in the U.S. In 2015 totaled 8,087 million pounds with 5.7% of domestic production of head lettuce exported and also 10.9 percent the leaf/romaine exported. The worth of U.S. Lettuce production in 2015 totaled virtually $1.9 billion, making lettuce the leading vegetable chop in regards to value.

Although variety of farms, value of production, acre used, and state production details are not available for 2016 and 2017, the value of lettuce production during 2017 is $1.5 billion.

Prices

The 2016 season median U.S. Prices to be $27.70 per hundred load for head lettuce, $49.70 for leaf lettuce, and $31.20 romaine lettuce.

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Financials:

Based on many recent production and also price averages, the estimated gross worth per acre is approximately $10,400 because that head lettuce. The cost of lettuce production varies relying on the location. That is labor-intensive, particularly for harvest and post-harvest handling and packaging.

Sample Production expenses for covering Iceberg Lettuce (2010)

National retail Report: Fruits and also Vegetables: Weekly Advertised Prices because that Fruits and Vegetables at major Retail Supermarket Outlets