Understanding tusk anatomy

Tusks space modified canine teeth, i beg your pardon erupt in both male and female pigs in between 10-15 month of period (Fig 1). Tusks continually thrive throughout life. The expansion rate counts on sex, reproductive status, and also time of sterilization. The tusks the males usually grow much faster than in females. Undamaged sows and boars likewise have a faster tusk development rate than spayed or castrated pigs. If an pet is sterilized ~ puberty, the rate of tusk growth is faster than if he or she was sterilized before the beginning of puberty. Nevertheless, this development is much slower 보다 if the pig to be left intact.

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Figure 1. Tusks are modified canine teeth. Photograph credit: Dr. Louisa Asseo. Click photo to enlarge.


Why have to tusks it is in trimmed?

Tusks are very sharp and even lightly brushing versus a tusk can reason abrasions and lacerations. Bites continual from a pig through untrimmed tusks have the right to cause significant damage. Untrimmed tusks can grow long and can also curl sufficient to permeate the lip that the pig.

The frequency the tusk trims will certainly vary; however, females generally need tusk trims every 12-24 months and males require tusk trims every 6-12 months.

Equipment needed

Note: Cutting and also crushing instruments, together as pond trimmers and hoof trimmers, are NOT RECOMMENDED.


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Figure 2. Long, directly drill bits, such as 701L or 702L, are recommended because that miniature pig tusk trims. Picture credit: Dr. Louisa Asseo. Click image to enlarge.


Potential complications

Damage to nearby soft organization structures and subsequent abnormal growth patternsIf the tusk is trimmed too short, the patience is at hazard for arising a root abscess native an ascending infection.The patient is also at hazard for crown fractures when cutting or crushing tools are used.Pain

Step-by-step instructions

These instructions room intended because that tusk trims utilizing high-speed dental drills, but this procedure have the right to be extrapolation for usage of high-speed hand rotary tools.

Position the patient in lateral recumbency.Direct the head downwards by place towels beneath the shoulders and also neck or lightly placing the snout off the edge of the table.Turn water circulation on the dental unit to 50%.Trim perpendicular to tusk growth, not parallel through the gingival margin.Repeat the procedure bilaterally top top the maxillary and also mandibular tusks.

Summary

Both males and female pigs own modified upper and lower canine teeth or tusks, however, the tusks of the male retain an open root that enables these teeth to thrive throughout life. Tusks can end up being long and extremely sharp. Because of this tusk trims may be necessary to prevent injury come humans and other animals or damages to family furniture or flooring. Tusks can also harm the pig itself after becoming caught on caging or cultivation long enough to penetrate the individual’s flesh. Tusks must be trimmed well above the gum heat to stop the pulp cavity. Intact males may require a tusk trim every 6-12 months.

References


References

Boldrick L. Veterinary care of Pot-Bellied Pigs. Orange, CA: all Publishing Company; 1993.

Braun WF, Casteel SW. Potbellied pigs: Miniature porcine pets. Vet Clin north Am small Anim Pract. 23(6): 1149-1177, 1993. Doi: 10.1016/s0195-5616(93)50151-1.

George L. Veterinary management of Miniature Pigs. Davis, CA. Institution of Veterinary medicine University that California Davis. 1993.

Longley LA, sophisticated pig anaesthesia. In: Longley LA (ed). Anesthesia of Exotic Pets. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2008: 112-126.

Mozzachio K. Program veterinary treatment of the miniature pig. chrischona2015.orgVet internet site. Available at chrischona2015.org/vet/routine-care-mini-pig/. Accessed April 7, 2020.

Tynes V, Mozzachio K. Miniature pigs, In: Carpenter JW, Marion CJ (eds). Exotic animal Formulary, fifth ed. St Louis, MO: WB Saunders; 2018: 558-574.

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Tynes VV. Potbellied pig husbandry and also nutrition. Vet Clin north Am Exot Anim Pract. 2(1):193-208, 1999. Doi: 10.1016/s1094-9194(17)30147-0.


To mention this page:

Asseo L. Tusk trims in miniature pigs. August 4, 2020. chrischona2015.orgVet website. Obtainable at https://chrischona2015.org/vet/tusk-trims-in-miniature-pigs/