” The best thing world can carry out for bear is change misconceptions through facts.” – Dr. Lynn Rogers
Bears have actually fascinated human beings for millennia. As one of the most adaptable and also versatile mammals ~ above earth, their behaviour stirs fear, awe, wonder, and curiosity in us. Unfortunately, there space still countless myths bordering the lives and also behaviour the bears that negatively influence our relationships with them.
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Stories of ferocious assaults by blood-thirsty bears on defenceless hikers make good lead stories in the media. The overwhelming feeling conveyed in these story is the bears space dangerous, average creatures the are an extreme threat to civilization in any circumstance. This, that course, is inaccurate in ~ best and also unhelpful at worst.
Another commonly held legend is the bears space cuddly creatures that resemble the teddy bears we owned together kids. While over there is no doubt the bears have the strength to create children’s imaginations, the is crucial that the story we share with our kids be based upon facts rather than fantasy.
It is essential to dispel both myths – the one based upon fear, and the other based upon a misplaced belief that bears space tame cuddly animals.
Bears are intelligent and resourceful wild mammals the deserve ours respect. A better knowledge that the behaviour, ecology and habitat needs of bear is critical if we space to find out to co-exist peacefully v these splendid creatures.
Myth #1: Bears space unpredictable
Fact: Bears use body language and vocalizations to display their intentions. Learning around bear behaviour deserve to be useful to people who live or recreate in be afflicted with country.
Myth #2: bear can’t operation down hill
Fact: Bears deserve to run much more than 60 kilometers one hour, and also they deserve to do it increase hills, down hills or follow me a slope. To put that in perspective, that’s 15 m/sec or 50 ft/sec – an ext than twice as fast as we can run. In fact, a bear can outrun a racehorse over short distances however has little endurance.
Myth #3: A bear standing ~ above its hind legs is about to charge
Fact: Actually, a be affected by each other standing on its hind legs is simply trying to far better identify what has recorded its attention. Together I’m certain you’ll agree, it’s much less complicated to see, hear and also smell points from a standing position, than under on every fours.
Myth #4: as soon as a bear has actually tasted human being food, he won’t eat wild food any kind of more
Fact: Bears like natural, wild food unless it is challenging to find and human food is too basic to get. Also bears that consistently eat human food/waste
still eat natural foods items whenever they’re plentiful. Conflicts usually boost when natural foods run out – a good time come be more vigilant of bear attractants on your property; such as bird feed, pet food, fruit trees/berry bushes, barbecue grease and compost. Click here to learn an ext about exactly how to become Bear Smart.
Myth #5: bear bells are the best method to stop a surprise encounter
Fact: It’s finest to alert bears of your existence by talking loudly, singing songs or break sticks. Shot to hike in a group, on created trails, throughout daylight hours. Watch our Play section for more information.
Myth #6: If a be afflicted with charges you, climb a tree.
Fact: despite all your timidness top top the ground, black color bears seem come feel an ext courageous in trees. Bears periodically kill each other by cram their adversaries out of trees. The bear below has the benefit because the bear above cannot quickly hang on and face bottom to fight back. Likewise the lower bear seems confident that these benefits and part bears have even come up trees after people who assumed climbing to be prudent. Grizzlies, too, can climb – perhaps not together quickly, however they have been well-known to attack people that climbed trees to escape. Check out our Play section for an ext information.
Myth #7: Bears room carnivores.
Fact: although classified in the bespeak carnivora, grizzly and also black bears room omnivores because they eat both plants and also animals. Just a small percentage of your diet consist of meat, which consists of fish, insects and other mammals (the exact percentage is dependant top top the type of food is available in their habitat).
Myth #8: bear have negative eyesight
Fact: Bears watch in colour and have great vision similar to humans. Your night vision is excellent and also they are specifically attuned come detecting movement. Like plenty of animals, bears’ eyes have a reflective layer dubbed the tapetum lucidum lining the back of the eyeball. This layer reflects light back through the retina, enabling light to wake up light-sensitive cells in the retina a 2nd time, thereby improving night vision. This is what provides dogs, cats and many nocturnal animals that distinct, bright environment-friendly eyeshine once they room flashed v a irradiate at night.
Myth #9: Bears the wander into inhabited areas such together campsites, rural communities or cottage neighborhoods are dangerous
Fact: it is virtually impossible for a bear to do its everyday excursions without walking with someone’s exclusive property. Bears might travel numerous kilometres in their search for food. If you have actually stored her food and also garbage properly, the be afflicted with will likely move on. Remember, problem bears aren’t born, they’re produced through mismanagement of person food and also garbage. If bears room hanging around, something is attracting them. Removing the attraction will usually deal with the problem.
Myth #10: shooting or relocating a ‘nuisance’ bear will fix the problem
Fact: removing the bear and not the attractant will only develop an opportunity for an additional bear to relocate in, producing a vicious bicycle of conflict and killing.
Myth #11: delivering a rifle is much safer than be afflicted with pepper spray
Fact: A person’s possibility of incurring significant injury from a charging grizzly doubles when bullets are fired versus as soon as bear pepper spray is used (Dr. Stephen Herrero). Those hurt defending themselves through bear pepper spray experienced shorter attacks and less serious injuries than those who decided to use firearms (US Fish and Wildlife Service). Click below to review the full report. Bears room actually attractive to pepper spray residue if it is injected on the ground or ~ above objects. Never spray it around a time or on yourself. When supplied defensively, pepper spray need to be sprayed directly in the attacking bear’s eye or nose. Click right here for much more information.
Myth #12: one of the most dangerous meet is getting in between a mom black bear and also her cubs
Fact: due to the fact that black bears have the right to tree their cubs, that is rarely for lock to attack a person in defence the cubs. However, if friend are anywhere near a mom grizzly’s cubs, she might an extremely well consciousness you as a threat. The chances are an excellent that she will simply bluff charge and also stop well short of physical contact. You have to do every little thing you deserve to to show her the you space not a threat, otherwise the after-effects could it is in tragic. It is in quiet, make yourself smaller and also retreat.
Myth #13: world traveling in bear nation are often attacked
Fact: Bear strikes are extremely rare. Back there room thousands that human-bear encounters every year, only a very few result in an individual injury. Many bears will certainly actually retreat before you room even conscious of your presence. That is still important, however, to stay alert and also know what to do.
Myth #14: that is dangerous to enter bear country when menstruating
Fact: existing evidence says that menstruation go not increase the likelihood of an assault by a black or grizzly bear, however tampons room recommended over pads. They might be disposed of through burning and also then packing out the remains.
Myth #15: play dead throughout an attack.
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Fact: play dead will work if you’re being assaulted by a mom grizzly defending she cubs. However it is the wrong point to execute if you’re being assaulted by a predatory bear. If a bear attacks (particularly a black bear) in an offensive manner and also physical call is made, hit for her life. Kick, punch, hit the bear v rocks or pole or any type of improvised weapon you can find. A predatory bear normally stalks the prey and attacks from behind. The is often silent and the bear does not exhibit any type of defensive actions like huffing or slapping the ground. Its ears might be laid back and the head hosted low, through its will focused directly on you. View our Play ar for much more information.