Bees are fascinating creatures, tiny in size yet intricate — from your head down to their legs. While their anatomy isn’t that various from various other insects, bees have progressed to fit their purpose in the ecosystem.

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Their role is come pollinate and also produce honey. The punishment does this v the help of its human body — particularly the legs. They have a certain number of them, i m sorry are supplied in a unique method to aid pollination. 


Bees foot Anatomy

The bee has actually three pairs of foot — one in front, middle and back. Every of this pairs consists of 6 sections, lock are: 

Coxa 

This tiny segment connect the foot to the thorax that the bee, whereby it pivots via two joints (articulations). 

Each coxa hinges a leg in a particular direction. 

The frontal pair, allude forward, the middle legs edge slightly backward, and the hind pair space directed towards the back. Together the front legs swing forward, the middle and rear legs will swing outward. 

Trochanter 

In in between the coxa and also the femur is this small section. The trochanter ferris wheel in relation to the activity of the coxa. It’s responsible because that the upward and downward movement of the entirety leg. 

Femur 

This is a large section the the foot attached come the trochanter via a long and also diagonal joint. The connection permits both the trochanter and the femur to relocate as one unit — which allows for small backward and also forward movement.

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Tibia 

This is the fourth segment that the bee’s legs, i beg your pardon is a joint in between the femur and also the metatarsus. It’s thought about the “knee” the the bee. 

The rear tibiae space a different shape — lock much larger than the other two. The reason being, this is the area bees use to extract pollen native flowers. It’s additionally the last component of the legs containing muscle.

Metatarsus (Basitarsus)

The fifth segment the the bee’s legs — located in between the tibia and tarsus. Unequal the tibia, it no contain any muscles. Instead, a tendon (unguitractor) runs v it. This allows movement native the metatarsus down to the claws (pre-tarsus). 

The metatarsus additionally contains distinctive pollen-collecting devices such together rows that bristles that kind a pollen brush.

Tarsus 

This is the final component the the foot — the foot. That comprises of 3 tarsi and the pre-tarsus (claw). The claws are attached to the tarsus in addition to an adhesive pad referred to as the arollium. This is what allows the punishment to cling top top smooth surfaces.

Bees lug a one-of-a-kind gland in ~ the pre-tarsus. Together a result, once bees walk, they leaving an odor the helps them search for nectar.

What carry out Bees usage Their foot For? 

All types of bee, queen, drone and also worker have actually the same variety of legs — six. While every are supplied for go around, the front and also the rear legs have extr functions. 


The prior pair doubles together a grooming tool for the antennae and also to manipulate the pollen right into one place at the rear of the bee. The hind legs — only on worker bees, room customized for pollen buildup — pollen repertoire tools are present. 

Pollen baskets are concave structures surrounded by hairs. As soon as the bee lands ~ above the flower, it totally covers that is body with pollen. That then starts to groom and brush the pollen approximately the hind foot to this pockets. The bees mix it with some difficult nectar come ensure the pollen won’t loss off as the punishment flies back to the hive.

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Bees can also use its foot to taste — in ~ the pointer of the pre-tarsus are taste receptor that allow the bee to understand whether the pollen is ripe because that harvest or not.

Do all Bees have Pollen Baskets on your legs?

No. 

The clinical name because that the pollen basket is corbicula. It’s commonly found on species such together honey and bumble bees. 

Other bees own a scopa. This deserve to be explained as a job of lengthy hairs the traps the pollen. They deserve to be located on the hind legs or the underside that the abdomen. Leafcutter and mason bees fall into this team (Megachiliae species) .


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These tiny leg hairs aid to trap and also collect pollen.

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Some bees collection pollen by a completely different means. Yellow-faced bees (Hyleus species) collection pollen within your crop. Cuckoo bees (Nomada species) invade other bees’ nests and also pilfer their pollen. 

Summary 

With the 6 segments, the system in which the leg attributes is perfect for a bee’s work. The claws and also adhesive pad allows them to rise onto smooth surfaces — in any kind of direction. The comb/brush-like hair on the legs are reliable for attracting pollen and also doubles as a to organize tool.

The foot of a bee aren’t simply made for walking — they also play a an important role in harvesting pollen and also transport it efficiently.