Once afternoon i was the end in mine pasture tending come the cattle and just starting guessing about how much each cow weighed. I’ve never really sweet them but thought it would certainly be nice to know how much every cow weighed. So i did a small research.

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The mean cow weighs all over from 900 come 1,600 pounds depending upon age, breed and genetics. The heaviest cow breeds have the right to weigh end 3,000 pounds. Full grown dairy cows weigh around 1,500 pounds. Complete grown beef cattle average 1350 pounds. Child calves sweet in approximately 75 to 85 pounds.

I personally own mainly black angus cattle, a few herefords and also a couple of brangus (black angus/brahman). Although I have actually never weighed any of my cattle, I’d guess that the mature livestock weigh in what close come 1,100 come 1,300 pounds.

Fully get an impressive Cow Weight

A mature cow or bull will certainly weigh in at different weights depending on a number of different factors. A few key determinants that will impact this number are..

AgeBreedGeneticsType of food

Typically, a cow get mature growth at roughly 2 come 3 years. At this age, castle have become a mature cow or bull and have reached a weight that is near to your peak.

A maturation cow (female), depending on the breed will certainly weigh about 1,000 pounds when a maturation bull (male) will typically weigh a bit heavier at around 1,200 pounds. A pregnant cow have the right to assume an extra 75 to 100 pounds during pregnancy.

Genetics pat a big part in the weight of cattle as well, just like the genetics of humans. That is constantly preferred to have actually a genetically strong bull in your herd to develop quality calves.


That walk not constantly mean that they will develop the heaviest calves. I personally have 2 calves in my herd right currently that come native a really strong, beefy, black color angus bull that are much smaller and also slower farming than other calves have actually been native the exact same bull.

On the other hand, I have a few steers that have grown much faster that have come from a brahman bull that was not the greatest bull anyones has ever before seen.

All the my livestock are grass fed, an interpretation that they only eat grass and hay. Cattle that room in feedlots will generally be heavier in weight as result of the nature the the food they are eating. A usual cow the this kind deserve to average out at approximately 1,400 to 1,500 pounds.

Average Cow weight At 1 Year

Calves room born approximately 75 come 85 pounds and gain around 2.5 pounds per day because that the first year that growth. For example, one 85 pound newborn calf can expect to with a load of 997 pounds in ~ 1 year old. Different determinants such together breed and male vs. Mrs can affect these numbers.

Average Cow load At 2 Years

A 2 year old cow averages about 1,100 pounds. Mean to view a 100 come 125 pound weight get from 1 year old come 2 years. Cows the this age are thought about full grown and also ready to breed or produce a calf, relying on whether they are male or female.

Average Cow weight At 3 Years

A 3 year old cow’s average weight is 1,200 come 1,300 pounds. You deserve to expect one more 100 to 200 pounds the weight acquire from year 2 come 3. Cows the this period are popular among cattle breeders as result of their prime year being periods 3 come 7.

Cattle proceed to grow and also gain load until age 6 or 7. In the year following, cows begin to progressively lose load year after ~ year.

5 most difficult Cow Weights by Breed

Chianina – 3,500 Lbs


Chianina cows are the largest cattle breed on the planet! this cows room massive. They originated from Italy and also are known for their beef production. The Chianina each other holds the world record because that the most heavy cow ever recorded at over 3,800 pounds.

South Devon – 3,000 Lbs

The southern Devon each other originated in good Britain and is additionally known for your beef production. At complete growth, a south Devon cow can selection anywhere indigenous 2,600 pounds to end 3,000 pounds. Lock are great show cows and have a really an excellent looking copper/red coat of fur on them.

Maine-Anjou – 2,750 Lbs


A French breed of cattle, the Maine-Anjou generally weigh all over from 1,900 to 3,000 pounds. Masculine bulls average around 2,200 come 3,000 pounds when the mrs cows are typically a little lighter at around 1,900 to 2,000 pounds. Maine-Anjou cattle are used for both beef and also milk.

Glan livestock – 2,600 Lbs

Glan livestock are a specifically rare breed these days. Originally from Germany, they variety in load from 1,300 pounds to 2,600 pounds. Females generally weigh 1,300 come 1,600 pounds, while male bulls reach weights over 2,000 pounds.

German Angus – 2,400 Lbs

German Angus cows are another breed of livestock that source in Germany. Tires bulls can reach a weight of 2,200 to 2,400 pounds. Mrs cows variety from 1,200 to 1,500 pounds. German Angus cows are recognized for their beef. I personally breed greatly black angus cows, back I have actually never had a German Angus cow before.

How much Meat go A Cow Produce?

Once again, the lot of meat a cow will produce is going to rely greatly on how much they weigh at slaughter. Since we have figured out the mean cow weighs 900 come 1,600 pounds, let’s see how much meat they every produce.

Average carcass weights because that a cow are around 63% or their full weight. Meaning a 1,000 lb cow has a 630 lb carcass. From that, about 75% is walk to make it to her freezer.

Carcass Weight5676306937568198829451,008
(All numbers space in Lbs)

How To weigh A Cow

Measuring a cows weight is most conveniently done using a breed cub scale. Since the majority of breed boy owners space not advertisement owners, we more than likely do not own a scale. I myself do not very own a livestock scale. So unless you recognize someone that does, you will have to use the cows body dimensions to calculate the approximate weight. Here’s exactly how it’s done.

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Step 1 – measure up the cow’s heart girth. Step 2 – measure the cow’s length.Step 3 – lot of girth x girth x length / 300 = Weight


Girth = 70

Length = 80

(70 x 70 x 80) / 300 = 1,306 pounds

Related Questions:

How much do cows cost?

The expense of a cow is mainly figured out by the weight of the cow. Beef livestock typically offer for $140 every 100 pounds the weight. For example, a 700 pound cow would cost about $980. Dairy cattle that are marketed by weight cost on median $1.20 per pound, definition a 700 pound dairy cow would cost $840

How high does a cow get?

The median cow have the right to reach a height of about 4’ come 4’ 11’’. This is established by the each other of the cow and their age. The tallest cow breeds can reach heights of over 5’ and also up come 5’ 11’’ tall.