Cows significantly vary in weight depending greatly on the breed and the period of the cow.According to north Dakota State university data, the load ranges considerably for a typical herd. Yes no one median number for all the each other combined, but… For now, let’s try to price the general question about the average weight of a cow.How much Does a Cow Weigh? In the US, the mean weight that a mature beef cow (such together Angus) is around 1,210 pounds, while the mean weight of one adult dairy product cow (such together Holstein) is around 1500 pounds. However, cow’s weight will greatly vary by breed.

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For example, Holstein dairy products cows are among the bigger ones, and also usually weigh around 1,500 pounds fully grown, while Jersey dairy cows space on the smaller sized side, weighing about 900 pounds on average, as soon as full-grown.We can separate the weights relative to the age and also the breed of the cow, as presented below.If you looking to gain into beef productions business climate it’s vital to have the right equipment, such together feed bunks, hay feeders (portable also better), headgate, hold chute, working chute, and a couple of other crucial items.

Let’s look at the cow’s weight more precisely.

How lot Does a Cow Weigh?

Beef livestock (raised for meat production primarily) and dairy livestock (raised because that milk primarily) frequently weigh differently, but even among the beef or dairy breeds us have huge differences.I’ve provided data from research and calculations top top The Pennsylvania State University, north Dakota State University and Wikipedia itself to obtain the many accurate and also recent data around cow weights (by age and also by gender).I’ve provided this data to placed together tables of weights because that heifers (female calves) by month, and some data top top the significant breeds in US and their average weights.

Herders constantly weigh a cow at weaning, i beg your pardon is the time once a calf is separated from the mother. Ideally, this is in ~ 7-8 months old. Cows continue gaining weight until they reach 7 years of age, then they gradually lose weight till they leave the herd.Weight of a cow depends largely on this factors:agebreedlocationnutritional historyindividual traitsThis way the weights can selection wildly, but, we deserve to still take it the averages to it is in useful, based on the large available data set.These averages must be helpful, or in ~ least, amazing to ponder about.

For more information ~ above the each other of beef cattle, visit the Oklahoma State Beef breeds Directory.

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How lot Does a Beef Cow Weigh?

A typical beef cow such together Angus, weigh approximately 1210 lbs (550kb) because that a maturation female, and also around 1870 lbs (850 kg) for bulls (on average). Because that a typical herd, this is no a really useful answer because the herd might consist that a range of cows by age and also breed.Cow weight will considerably vary based on many factors.Angus beef cow will be about 450-550 pounds when 6 months old, while a tires heifer could weigh anywhere in between 800 and 1400 pounds. Heifer expansion is usually compared to breed standards to identify normal progress.

Here is a list of average load of beef cows by breed (female):Angus – 1,210 pounds (550 kg)Hereford – 1,200 pounds (544 kg)Limousin – 1,650 pounds (750 kg)Brahman – 1,320 pounds (600 kg)Simmental – 1,300 pounds (590 kg)Shorthorn – 1,760 pounds (800 kg)Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6Males (bulls) are naturally a lot heavier.Average weight of masculine beef cows by breed (bulls):

Angus – 1,870 pounds (850 kg)Hereford – 1,800 pounds (816 kg)Limousin – 2,530 pounds (1150 kg)Brahman – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)Simmental – 2,500 pounds (1134 kg)Shorthorn – 2,100 pounds (950 kg)

If you space looking to gain into beef production business (or room there already) climate the basic answer come a basic question is no that advantageous for you.What’s more important is the load of cows girlfriend are transforming out come pasture.In suitable world, you’d desire to fight 1150 lbs in 15-16 months because that a usual beef cow, yet this would rely a many on genetics and breed, and is challenging to reach.How much do cows sweet in a usual herd?

At NDSU Dickinson Research extension Center, they screen cow weight throughout the years, and also here is the data indigenous a couple of years back on the weights of cows in the herd:

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This herd to be a mix of Angus, Red Angus and Hereford breeding, v the lighter load cows reflecting the affect of Lowline breeding.Knowing the load of the cows gift turned the end to grass is something every producer requirements to know, and also it is a cornerstone for great management.

How much Does a dairy Cow Weigh?

Depending on the breed, a full mature Holstein dairy products cow weighs around 1,500 lbs (700 kg) on average, a tires Ayrshire weighs about 990 to 1,320 lbs, while the Jersey breed (being amongst the the smallest of the dairy breeds) weighs approximately 900 lbs (410kg) on average.

These are all (naturally) female cow weight examples, when the males commonly weigh more.

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Here is a perform of average weight of dairy cow by breed – female:Holstein-Friesian – 1,600 pounds (725 kg)Ayrshire – 1,150 pounds (522 kg)Jersey – 900 pounds (408 kg)Brown Swiss – 1,350 pounds (612 kg)Guernsey – 1,050 pounds (476 kg)Dairy Shorthorn – 1,450 pounds (658 kg)Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6As you can see, over there is no one single answer come a load of one averagy dairy product cow accross every breeds.

How much Does a Calf Weigh?

A calf is a young domestic cattle, and also their weight easily grows every month.

Calf at birth will certainly weigh around 82 pounds. A commercial steer (bull calf) is expected to put on around 71 come 79 lbs (32-36kg) every month, when a heifer puts on less, depending upon the breed.I’ve looked an ext closely into dairy cow heifer weights through age, and also got the data native PennState Uni ~ above heifer growth and also the average and recommended weights that the most popular dairy cow each other in the US.

Average Calf Weights by period (Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss)

AgeHolstein(weight in lbs)Jersey(weight in lbs)Brown Swiss(weight in lbs)1 month119-13693-108134-1632 months161-189122-146187-2233 months211-234155-177240-2834 months258-284183-217293-3435 months311-339233-278345-4036 months369-422259-321396-4628 months468-530335-412498-58010 months575-653391-483597-69412 months682-760471-548693-80514 months776-878535-602785-91218 months969-1066639-753955-110724 months1170-1301790-8931167-1343

Average Calf Weights by age (Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn)

AgeGuernsey(weight in lbs)Ayrshire(weight in lbs)Milking Shorthorn(weight in lbs)1 month122-143131-154128-1602 months166-193177-205175-2103 months203-233223-256223-2624 months255-299269-307272-3155 months299-354315-357320-3706 months366-434360-407369-4258 months433-503450-506467-53910 months511-588538-602564-65312 months576-674624-697658-76514 months696-803707-789750-87418 months864-1001864-965920-107124 months1026-11781070-12061128-1281
Source: PennState expansion at The Pennsylvania State UniversityRanges for Holstein are between 50th and also 75th percentile – first number is 50th and second is 75th percentile. Recommended varieties are above 75th percentile (2nd number). Percentiles define the percentage of observations that fall below that level. Recommended arrays for other breeds (not Holstein) stand for the 50th to 67th percentile.For an ext info visit the PennState website.

Data is from measuring a big number that heifers of various breeds throughout the unified States throughout 1991 and also 1992. Calculations space done by PennState expansion at the college of agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, and also updated in 2017.

How lot Does a Cow Weigh once Butchered?

For commercial productions, cows weigh normally 900 to 1,350 pounds at slaughter. The average livestock weight in ~ slaughter will rely on client demands, which identify the age variety and load of cattle.Source: Dickinson study Extension center data top top herds.For example, Angus beef livestock weigh about 1,200 pounds at slaughter, through a carcass weight of 750 pounds (hanging weight, “on the rail”).However, livestock have variations in body size, and customer requirements are constantly different. Some desire meat native younger cows, as it is generally an ext tender, and some want veal meat, i beg your pardon is a meat indigenous a calf that is 6 month or younger.

Average cow load at slaughter can because of this be ~ above any point of the spectrum that this variety of weights.The carcass size is relevant since it is a driver of income.If you looking to gain into beef production business, the sole resource of your revenue will come indigenous calves developed each year, which is why the is crucial that your cows create a calf at least every 12 months.Another essential thing is to decision what type of procedure you’re going come run. Some of the typical ones are:cow/calfbackgrounding feeder calvesfeedlotWhatever friend choose, there space plenty of resources out there the will help you run your service successfully. You can start in ~ PennState extension beef manufacturing guidelines.

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How lot Meat perform You obtain From a Cow?

According to South Dakota State college Extension, the expected yield because that retail cut from beef carcasses varieties from 55% come 75%, depending on the fatness, muscling the the animal, and the kind of cuts you produce. The carcass load is usually in between 600 and 900 pounds.Steaks generally come indigenous a command (castrated male) or a heifer (female the hasn’t been bred), while meat from cows is usually ground up into processed meats.The us beef market is concentrated mostly on producing steers because that meat consumption.Dairy cows are far better utilized on developing milk, and because of your inability come dress out nicely (give huge quantities of high quality meat), cow is graded low by the USDA and normally goes to auction and also slaughter for processed meat.One that the many popular livestock breeds, Angus, has been offered for a lengthy time since it offers lots of element grade meat, good marbling, etc.

How much meat do you obtain from a cow?Let’s take it an example.If you begin with a 1,200 steer (a castrated male), which has a usual dressing the 63%, that’s around 750 lb carcass. From that, you will certainly get about 65% the carcass load (on average), which is around 490 pounds of trimmed beef.If we calculate that versus live weight, you acquire an average of 40% the live weight, fatness being around 12% the live weight.The lot of meat you get from cattle varies, and this is simply an approximation.

How much meat will a cow yield relies on the breed, age and diet.

How plenty of Steaks in a Cow?

Once again, for those unfamiliar, steaks normally come from command (male cows) while the meat from female cows is normally ground up and also considered lower grade.Let’s take a look at 2 examples and also the amount of meat you can get.Example 1)If we use the example above for a 1,200 pounds steer, native SDSU Extension, and also cut the carcass right into primarily boneless steaks and also roasts, us would get (on average):90 pounds of boneless lining roasts and also steaks (10-12% of carcass weight)85 pounds of round roasts and steaks (10-12% of carcass weight)80 pounds that rib and also loin steaks (10-12% the carcass weight)50 pounds of other cuts (brisket, flank, brief ribs, skirt steak)and 185 pounds of lean trim, or floor beef (20-25% the carcass weight)For individual varieties of steak, you would get:

18 pounds of strip loin steaks (2.5%),9 pounds the tenderloin steaks or filets (2.5%),in general, less than 3% every individual form of steakExample 2)

Another instance of 1,000 lb. As displayed by Oklahoma department of agriculture Food and Forestry gives comparable results.Their mean hanging weight, additionally called “on the rail” is 61%, because that a 1,000 pounds steer, i m sorry is 610 lbs the beef. Additional weight loss for meat accounts because that 18%, which pipeline you v 430 pounds that meat that would get in retail cuts (steaks, roasts, floor beef, etc.)Here is the lot of retail cuts you would certainly get:Round (round steak, rump roast, sirloin reminder steak, etc.) – 103.2 lbsSirloin (sirloin steak, stew and ground beef) – 38.7 lbsshort loin (porterhouse steak, T-bone steak) – 34.4 lbsflank (flank steak, brief ribs) – 17.2 lbsrib (rib eye steak, rib steaks, back ribs) – 38.7 lbsshort plate (skirt steak, brief ribs) – 30.1 lbschuck (chuck roast or steak, eight roast) – 107.5 lbsbrisket25.8 lbsshank17.2 lbssuet & hanging tender17.2 lbsThese are simply the averages, and also the really live weight to retail cuts yield varies, depending upon breed, fat to muscle ration, age, cut order, etc.

Largest Cows in the World

The heaviest breed of a cow in the human being is Chianina, which deserve to weigh up to 3,500 pounds when mature, or 1500kg.

It is among the oldest livestock breeds in the world and also it’s usage is dual-purpose: both for meat and also for draught use (working animal). Chianina cows have actually very small milk to produce, barely enough for suckling.Second one largest is more than likely South Devon, i m sorry is the biggest of the British native breeds.

Smallest Cows in the World

The smallest breed of cows in the human being is Dexter miniature cow, i beg your pardon weighs only 600 to 700 pounds because that mature bulls, or 272 come 318 kg.The Dexter each other originated in Ireland, then was lugged to UK and also US. The then ultimately disappeared from Ireland, however was still kept as a pure breed in a a variety of small herds in England and also the US.Dexter cows space friendly, dual-purpose breed, supplied for milk and beef, but often also used for oxen, i beg your pardon is an animal used for plowing, transport, threshing grain by trampling and also powering devices that grind serial or it is provided irrigation.

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Their versatility is one of their greatest assets, and they likewise produce a wealthy milk high in butterfat.