Potatoes source in the area of southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia.

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Potatoes to be domesticated approximately 7,000–10,000 year ago, and spread transparent the Americas, then into Europe with the cross ocean trade that European seller ships .

Approximately 5,000 arrays of potato exist today, with over 3,000 in the Ades an ar alone.

An amazing note: Potatoes were responsible for a 4 minutes 1 of the development in Old World population and urbanization between 1700 and 1900.

How much does a potato weigh?

Potato, White, Russet or RedPotato, SweetYamMountain Yam (Hawaii)
Large(3″ to 4-14″ dia)369g13oz
Medium(2-1/4″ to 3-1/4″ dia)213g7.5oz
Small(1-3/4″ come 2-1/4″ dia)170g6oz
Cup, Diced150g5.3oz
Large(5-3/4″+ long, 2-1/2″+ dia)180g6.3oz
Medium(5″ long, 2″ dia)114g4oz
Small(4″ long, 1-3/4″ dia)60g2.1oz
1 cup, cubed, raw133g4.7oz
1 cup, cubed, cooked200g7.1oz
Cup, Cubes150g5.29oz
Cup, Cubed68g4.6oz

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You deserve to learn many ways to chef potatoes and create some impressive dishes. Learn about tools indigenous the likes that Mo Fellani and also others for how to peel, slice, dice and also mash lock in many good ways.

It additionally can it is in a difficulty to correctly weight potato for her recipe. Be certain to examine out options like the ideal weighing range to acquire it right!

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What You need to Know about the Potato

The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial root vegetable belonging come the nightshade family along with tomatoes, peppers, and also tobacco among others. It is the 4th most important chop in the world, next to rice, wheat, and corn. 

Today, the potato is globally famous for being offered as your favorite French Fries or potato wedge next dishes. However do you understand that it has been famous in history for its role in alleviating starvation in numerous European counties? the is likewise known because that being the first vegetable to it is in grown in space!

Read this post to understand the fascinating background of this nutrient-filled crop and also its renowned uses today.

History of the Potato

The potato has been nurtured and cultivated due to the fact that 8,000 years earlier by the Inca indians who cleared up in the Andes mountains in southern America (now bordered by modern Peru and Bolivia). 

The Spanish explorations in the 1500s is largely responsible for the circulation of the potato throughout the globe. Spanish conquistadors who were searching for gold in Peru in 1530 discovered the potato crop and also brought it to Europe between 1570 and also 1590. Since the potato is basic to grow and cultivate unlike wheat and also oats, many researchers think that this crop has been critical in finishing the starvation that struck many European populaces due to constant warfare. Because the early on 1800s, the potato ended up being a staple food in Europe. 

In 1691, the potato was introduced to north America and also some 80 years later, President cutting board Jefferson introduced French Fries come the joined States. In 1995, NASA and also the college of Wisconsin, Madison developed a mechanism to grow potatoes in room to feeding astronauts throughout long an are voyages.

Where the Potato is Grown

Potatoes space grown in acidic and also loamy/sandy soil the is cool and well-drained. In addition, these plants need at the very least 6 hours of complete sunlight each day 

Owing to its popularity, the potato is get an impressive in numerous countries, the top five largest producers of which are China, India, Russia, Ukraine, and the united States.


Potatoes boasts of countless vitamins and also minerals such as vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium and manganese. According to NutritionData, one baked potato (medium-sized and skin unpeeled) contains:

Calories: 161Fat: 0.2 gramsProtein: 4.3 gramsCarbs: 36.6 gramsFiber: 3.8 gramsVitamin C: 28% of the RDIVitamin B6: 27% the the RDIPotassium: 26% the the RDIManganese: 19% of the RDIMagnesium: 12% that the RDIPhosphorus: 12% that the RDINiacin: 12% the the RDIFolate: 12% the the RDI

Types that Potatoes


The potato has actually over 200 varieties but they deserve to be classified right into seven species according to color and shape. 

Russet Potato – This large form has a thick, rough brown skin and also pale flesh. It has a light and also fluffy center and is ideal served as baked potato, mashed potato, and French fries.Red Potato – This type has a thin, red skin and stays firm throughout cooking. It is best used for preparing salads and soup and can it is in baked, grilled, or steamed.Yellow Potato – This kind has thin, gold skin and also yellow flesh with creamy texture and also buttery flavor. The is finest for preparing small potato, mashed potato, salads, soup and stews, and grilled potato.White Potato – This form has thin, beige skin and also pale flesh. It additionally stays firm transparent cooking and also has a nutty flavor. The is ideal used for pan fried potatoes, soups and stews, salads, French fries, and also steamed potatoes.Purple or Blue Potato – This form has dark violet (or blue) skin and also purple flesh. It has actually an earthy flavor and also is finest used because that baked or steamed potatoes and salads.Fingerling Potato – This form has a variety of skin and flesh colors yet all have the very same nutty and buttery flavors. That is finest used because that baked, pan fried, steamed, and microwaved potatoes.Petite Potato – This type, i beg your pardon is harvested early, come in different colors. The is the bite-size variation of the bigger potato varieties.

Popular (and Unusual) provides of the Potato

The potato is commonly eaten as a vegetable yet it is additionally used for a variety of purposes.

Side dish. The potato is famed for its might in preparing plenty of side dishes, such together French Fries and also potato wedge.Medicine. The potato is provided for addressing a range of health problems including love disease, indigestion, high blood pressure, and also osteoarthritis among others.Rust remover. The potato consists of an mountain that elevator rust also without scrubbing. Burn soother. The potato also contains antibacterial nature that help in heal minor burns. Fun art. The potato have the right to be used to carve homemade stamps.Silverware cleaner. The water left after boiling potatoes deserve to be supplied to eliminate tarnish native silver.Stain remover. Rubbing a sliced potato can remove berry stains on your hands.Salty-taste balancer. A braided soup have the right to be remedied through tossing in chunks that potato into the pot. After 10 minutes, potato the chunks need to be removed.Beauty aid.

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The potato have the right to be provided to alleviate wrinkles and blemishes. It can additionally be offered to revitalize and rejuvenate the skin.