Weight have the right to be a factor when selecting a details plywood product and also thickness because that a project. The heavier the plywood, the more powerful the structure necessary to support it. This no an worry in numerous cases, as the structure is much more than adequate to host the weight. But if you’re no careful, girlfriend could cause yourself severe problems, since you didn’t avoid to ensure that the structure have the right to hold the plywood’s weight. The can also be a variable in your building process, as carrying hefty sheets that plywood increase ladders or scaffolding can be difficult and dangerous.

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What provides plywood heavier 보다 its equivalent in heavy wood commodities is the plywood’s density. This greater density usually comes from the kind of hardwood that is offered to consist of the main point veneers. In addition, every the veneers that the plywood are bonded in addition to a rosin adhesive, i beg your pardon usually has a greater density than the hardwood veneer does. Placed together, we obtain an overall density the surpasses all however the densest that hardwoods.

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Due to the difference in manufacturing methods because that the assorted plywood products, various sheets from various mills deserve to vary significantly in weight. This difference is produced mostly by the lot of resins and/or glues offered to hold the wood together, as they deserve to be substantially heavier 보다 the hardwood or timber fibers. Therefore, the better the portion of adhesive or resin uncovered in the plywood product, the higher the as whole weight that the plywood.

Considering the a full sheet that plywood can weigh upwards that 80 pounds, care must be taken when working through it, specifically when functioning alone. Improper managing of plywood can cause severe back injuries, incapacitating you because that a significant amount that time.

Softwood plywood load chart

Let’s begin with the most common plywood product, softwood plywood. The APA (American Plywood Association) has created design specifications for the manufacturing of assorted plywood products. In it, castle state that softwood plywood should weigh about 3 pounds every square foot, per inch of thickness. Really plywood sheets sweet slightly less, together the specification is because that pre-sanded sheets. As lot as 1/32” of all at once thickness can be shed in the sanding process. The organization uses a bunch of technological information and educative content.To compare and visualize the distinction in weight and thickness, look at the adhering to tables below.

ThicknessActual Weight
1/4”22 lbs
3/8”28.5 lbs
1/2”40.6 lbs
5/8”48 lbs
3/4”60.8 lbs
1-1/8”84.5 lbs

In the following chart, we’re walking to compare the load of other plywood assets to Softwood plywood. Because that the benefits of simplicity, we’re just going to to compare 1/2” special plywood. Click to sort by plywood load or percentage.

Plywood Type:Weight every SheetPercentage(compared to Softwood)
Softwood Plywood40.6 lbs100%
Hardwood Plywood45 lbs111%
Marine Plywood50 lbs123%
Particle Board61 lbs150%
MDF66.7 lbs164%
MDO37.5 lbs92%
OSB47 lbs116%
ApplePly35 lbs86%
Baltic Birch48 lbs118%

Note the weight might greatly influence the price. Load chart is very closely related come the price chart.

Based ~ above these 2 tables, we can now number the weight for a range of plywood varieties and thicknesses, displayed in the table below, in ascending bespeak of weight. Softwood plywood is highlighted, as it is the typical that whatever else is compared to.

Softwood plywood2228.540.64860.884.5
Hardwood plywood *24.431.645.153.367.593.8
Baltic Birch2633.647.956.671.799.7
Marine plywood27.135.149.95974.8103.9
Particle board3342.860.97291.2126.8

*Hardwood plywood deserve to actually vary substantially in weight and also density, as result of the certain construction that the plywood. A variety of various core constructions and materials are used, causing these variations. For example, hardwood plywood made v a birch core, has actually a thickness of between 650 and 700 kilograms every cubic meter, while one more sheet the plywood which seems the same, but has a poplar core, will have a thickness of in between 500 and also 530 kilograms per cubic meter.

Please note that this chart doesn’t cover HDF (High density Fiberboard), otherwise recognized as hardboard, simply since it is only sold in thinner sheets than various other plywood products. The high density of this product renders it more heavier than many other plywood assets of the same weight.

Hardboard panel weight chart

ThicknessWeight (lbs.)

Weight calculator

After picking the kind of wood, please go into thickness, width and also length with suitable units of measure (inch, foot, millimeter, centimeter, meter) in order to calculation weight. Outcomes in pounds and also kilos room available. Vital note: together wood density varies depending on contents of moisture, tolerances because that actual weight might vary by as lot as 20%. If you wish to usage this calculator on her website, please contact us.

Alder Alder, high moisture Apple Apple, high humidity Ash, white Ash, black Aspen Balsa Bamboo Bamboo, high humidity Basswood Basswood, high moisture Beech Beech, high humidity Birch Butternut Cedar, west Red Cherry Cherry, high moisture Chestnut Cottonwood Cypress Dogwood Douglas Fir Ebony Ebony, high moisture Elm Gum, black red Gum, blue Hackberry Hickory Hickory, high moisture Holly Juniper Larch Lignum Vitae Locust Logwood Luan, Philippine Red Madrone Magnolia Mahogany, african Mahogany, afri high moisture Mahogany, Cuba Honduras Mahogany, Spanish Maple Maple, high moisture MDF, light MDF, hefty Myrtle Oak Oak, high humidity Oak, English American OSB, typical OSB, light OSB, hefty Pear Pear, high humidity Pecan Persimmon Pine, pitch Pine, white yellow Pine, white high humidity Pine, yellow high humidity Plum Poplar Poplar, high humidity Redwood, American Redwood, european Rosewood, Bolivian Rosewood, eastern Indian Satinwood Spruce Spruce, high humidity Spruce, Canadian Norway Sitka Sycamore Sycamore, high moisture Tanguile Teak, Burma India Teak, african Walnut Walnut, Claro Walnut, european Water gum willow Willow, high moisture Zebrawood

Plywood load to strength

It is natural to think that the weight of plywood results its strength; but this is untrue. Because the major weight in any kind of plywood product is from the rosin and also adhesive used in its manufacture, higher weight merely indicates that the plywood in question has an ext rosin in it and also less hardwood fiber. Because it is the hardwood fiber that offers the plywood that is strength, a lower percentage of hardwood fiber provides a weaker plywood product.

The actual toughness of anything produced out the plywood is as result of a mix of things, consisting of the kind of plywood used and the thickness of the plywood. However even an ext important than that, is the means that the plywood is supported. Without appropriate support, most plywood assets can’t support a long expectancy of their very own weight, without sagging.

One the the easiest ways of sustaining a item of plywood, which is being offered as a shelf, is to affix a item of 1”x 2”, 1”x 4” or a piece of reduced plywood, come the edge of the shelf, mounted at 90 degrees to the surface ar of the shelf itself. This moves the vertical centerline of the shelf to the center of that added on piece. That, in turn, means that the bulk of the product is relocated away from that centerline, whereby it deserve to fight versus sagging better. 2 such pieces, attached to both the front and ago edges make the shelf even stronger.

This addition of material perpendicular to the surface of the shelf will do much more to do a shelf stronger, than including additional supports. At the very same time, you don’t end up v the space problem that those supports deserve to cause, acquiring in the method of every little thing you want to store on that shelf.

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Cart with lifter for hefty plywood

As you deserve to see from the chart above, the J-Hook is extremely simple, consist of of a item of plywood, v a spacer and lip attached at the bottom end. Two door or cabinet hinges or a single piano hinge are provided to attach it come the side of the cart. The mounting should be aligned so that the optimal of the lift will certainly be flush through the top of the cart, once it is lifted horizontally.

The other important detail is to do the size of the background such that the sheet of plywood end up focused on your cart, as soon as lifted come the upright position. A notch for her hand, in the facility of the J-Hook, will make it less complicated to work with.

To pack a item of plywood come the horizontal, an initial lock the casters on the cart, so it won’t move. Then set the sheet in the it in the J-Hook, centering it. Finally, swing the J-Hook approximately the horizontal, setup the paper of plywood, centered, on the cart. Once it is collection on the cart, the J-Hook deserve to be enabled to fall ago down come the side of the cart.

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Clamp it because that assembly

Sometime in just around any plywood project, there will be a time as soon as you have actually to attach two pieces with each other at a best angle. Hold those 2 pieces together, by yourself, while drilling and also screwing the pieces with each other is complicated enough to shot the patience of a job. Yet you have the right to make that task a breeze, v a simple jig and also some small ratcheting bar clamps.

Jig through two pieces of plywood

The jig is composed of two pieces the scrap plywood, screwed together to do a best angle (90 degrees). A pair of triangle of scrap plywood room attached between them, spaced out as displayed in the leftmost view in the diagram. The is crucial that the 90 degree corner on these two triangular pieces be exactly 90 degrees, together they will certainly pull the two key pieces to meet them. Check it through a an excellent square to make certain that she getting specifically 90 degrees, or this jig will finish up making your tasks out of square.

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I’ve got a couple of different jigs like this, in different sizes, in mine workshop. They deserve to be attached to the bench peak with clamps, then have actually the pieces I’m functioning on clamped to them or on larger projects they have the right to be clamped to 2 pieces that I should clamp together. In either case, castle provide terrific way of hold the 2 pieces that plywood in position, while they room being joined together.