Thinking around getting a family members cow? You’ll love the amazing taste that the milk and also have lot of of new cream!

How much will you gain a day and what deserve to you perform to regulate her production?

Your cow will most most likely milk in between 2-3 gallons per day. This will certainly vary with feeding, phase of lactation, age, health and breed that cow.

Congratulations, this is interesting stuff!

We have had a family cow because that years, a Jersey called Aleene. (She was part of our herd once we milked because that a living.)

We love the numerous milk and are large believers in drinking it actual (you can say raw).

If you are more comfortable with pasteurizing your milk, go for it! good news, it’s her milk for this reason you can do together you please!


Here’s my video clip on just how to milk a cow. It’s easy, when you get a tiny practice.

You are watching: How much milk does a cow produce

We’ll go over how much milk you have the right to expect from her cow and what you have the right to do monitoring wise the will readjust the quantity she produces.

Good management and also husbandry of your cow will will help her live her genetic potential.

Poor administration and/or husbandry will have actually her living and performing listed below her potential.

There are borders of production, mostly individual capacity and phase of lactation, however all cows deserve to be managed for higher or reduced production.

Cow Amount that milk
Jersey, height lactation3 gallons per day
Jersey, mid lactation2 gallons every day
Jersey, so late lactation1.5 gallons per day

Your cow will milk 2-3 gallons every day

Our cow to produce 2-3 gallons every day, as an average.

You deserve to count ~ above at the very least a gallon a day, also in the so late stages of lactation when she is at she lowest milk every day.

If you are considering a cow that has actually production records, this is easy. Milk manufacturing is measured in pounds and also there space 8 pounds to a gallon.

Here’s an example: the production records state the the cow that your an option is developing 24 pounds of milk every day. Division 24 by 8 to acquire 3 gallons the milk per day.

Remember, her cow will milk the amount the is biologically ideal for she in the environment you provide for her.

Her everyday environment includes how friend treat her and also what she eats.

You carry out not have to feed grain

No, her cow does not require grain! us don’t feed Aleene grain, ever. But, and also this is a pretty large but, our cow does simply fine there is no grain.

She keeps on weight, she appears happy and she has plenty the grass or hay to eat to obtain all the nutrition she needs.

If and/or when Aleene looks choose she needs some grain, we will happily provide it come her. Until then, she is doing fine without it.

Milk Cow management ChoiceMilk manufacturing Result(vs her potential production)
No grain to cowlower
High quality pasturehigh
Low high quality pasturelower
Varying routine, especially milking timelower
High stress, including weatherlower
Restricted water intake(including slippery/icy footing to gain the water)lower
Cow is fatlower
Cow is thinlower
Cow is fine fed through slick hair coathigh
Higher or lower production is contrasted to her cow’s separation, personal, instance ability, i beg your pardon is a mix of genetics and environment (which you regulate through management).

Aleene (our Jersey) milks 2-3 gallons every day

For us, Aleene produces 2-3 gallons of milk per day.

She is no fed grain and also is provided the liberty to roam about the barnyard and also close areas as she chooses.

She constantly has accessibility to grass, however in the winter she needs hay together well.

The plus side of this hand off style is she simply needs accessibility to lot of of hay, actually it’s haylage, and water and she takes care of herself.

The under side of this device is she will poop where ever and also we have to be vigilant about keeping the gate to the feed shut!

Why am I informing you this? What Aleene eats and how she feels, happy or stressed, short or high power food, will all influence how much milk she produces at a certain point in her lactation.

The exact same will be true for her cow.

Look closely, you have the right to see the cream line on the milk! give thanks to you, Aleene!

A couple of lactation basics, supply and also demand

The milk a cow produces adheres to what is called a lactation curve.

The curve yes, really looks an ext like a mountain: through a steep side to the top then a an ext gentle slope back to the bottom.

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Here is a graph of a generic lactation curve. Cows deserve to calve year round, so the peak deserve to happen any month. If you want grass based milk, setup the calving day accordingly.

Milk manufacturing is based on supply and demand, you take it the milk she makes more.

You leaving the milk (skip milkings or vary times of milkings) she interprets that together you leaving the milk so she makes less.

For much more info check out my post How to Hand Milk A Cow for every the details on milking through hand.

Her milk production will top at about 6 weeks ~ freshening (having a baby) climate it will gradually taper off together the lactation period continues.

How long she stays at peak production and how rapid she tapers off in production are based turn off of genetics and also your management.

The right milk cow calving cycle is 12 months

Ideally, you will certainly have she bred earlier at 3 months after freshening. This will placed her ~ above a one year manufacturing cycle.

Being a month or so later on is no a large deal, yet will move the bear of the calf and therefore the start of milking back.

Not a big deal unless you gain multiple months turn off schedule room are counting on grass based milk.

If you need her to freshen in ~ a certain time for your area, detecting heats and also getting she bred back for the appropriate time is critical.

She will ideally be dried (you room no much longer milking her) in ~ 10 months, so she will have 2 month turn off of milking till she has one more baby at about 12 months (close to the same day of critical year’s calf).

If she’s not bred, save milking her!

As I pointed out above, ideally her cow will stay on a 12 month schedule.

For a commercial dairy product this is a pretty big deal, due to the fact that maintaining this 12 month schedule is the best means to keep a cow healthy and balanced and financially rewarding at the exact same time.

For you, more than likely not such a large deal.

Just be mindful the much longer it bring away to get her bred back, the additional away from much more milk you will be if she dries up faster than you had planned on.

You can aid your household cow produce much more milk

Keep she in great healthKeep a milking scheduleFeed her much more high energy foodBe sure she has easy access to waterShe needs a comfortable ar to cave outKeep her udder soft

Keep your milk cow in great health

How deserve to you phone call f she is healthy, you ask? It’s actually pretty easy. She should have actually a slick, shining hair coat.

In the winter the hair coat with be thicker and also longer, however it still need to look nice.

Another easy method to clues a healthy cow is the she is laying under chewing she cud. Once a cow is full, she relaxes and also chews she cud.

If you space not seeing lot cud chewing climate look into what could be missing.

She should be eating, drinking or chewing her cud any type of time friend look in ~ her. If not, perform some investigating.

Keep to a milking schedule, cows love routine

You need to milk her cow twice a day together close come 12 hours apart together you can. When you milk doesn’t matter, just pick a time and also stick come it. Cows love routine!

If you need to change the milking time, make the change slowly over a couple of days.

Your cow can’t call the difference between 6:15 and also 6:30, yet she certainly knows the difference between 6:15 and 10:15!

Some civilization like come milk just once per day, the calf handle the milk the remainder of the day. That will certainly work, as lengthy as you store to a routine.

Cows create milk based upon demand. As soon as you miss milking time, she body thinks that the need for milk has decreased so she renders less.

Having an erratic milking schedule way you will gain less milk from her cow.

Feed your milk cow much more high energy food

You can offer your cow a little bit of grain or a flake of really nice hay (not the whole bale!) and also see if that bumps up she production.

Don’t go crazy here, introduce high energy feeds a tiny at a time to make certain her digestive system has time come adjust.

Be sure your milk cow has easy access to water

Your cow demands a the majority of water and also she requirements to have the ability to get to it easily. Your cow have to never be short on water.

Limited water=lowered milk production

Your cow should confidently walk to the place where she gets water.

Slippery footing, slick or wet concrete, stairs. Etc. Room all things cows perform not like and will prevent walking end if lock can.

Cow friendly water placement increases milk production.

Your milk cow requirements a comfortable location to hang out

Once her cow is full, she wants a comfortable place to place down and also chew her cud.

It need to be fine bedded and at a comfortable temperature for her, cows prefer it colder than girlfriend do.

If you are in shorts and a T-shirt, she is obtaining hot. If you are in a sweatshirt and jeans, she is happy.

Keep your cow’s udder soft, monitor skin condition

Our cow, Aleene, usually has soft skin, so she doesn’t normally need udder cream or moisturizing teat dip.

Occasionally, prefer if she gets muddy or lays down in poo, the skin of her udder can obtain irritated.

I notification the dryness first at the top of the teat, wherein it starts come widen out to the udder floor.

I just take part bag enjoyment or petroleum jelly out through me the following milking and also rub it in together I milk.

Ideally, take it some with you as soon as you go to milk her, so there is no hold-up in moisturizing the skin.

The dryness/irritation does not directly lower milk production, that makes moving the skin hurt, like as soon as your skin crack or you have actually a cut.

Save yourself the potential kicking and keep the skin supple.

Your milk cow have the right to milk an ext than you need

Aleene always produces much more milk in a day 보다 we can use. Ns skim cream off of the gallons that acquire ahead that us, then us dump the rest.

Hard come hear ns know, however we would rather dump milk than risk lowering production. She doesn’t get grain, therefore this is she normal.

This is a good problem come have!

Sometimes you just don’t need quite that lot milk, so quite than dumping the you can just readjust your monitoring a tiny and minimize milk manufacturing slightly. (Emphasis ~ above a small and slightly!)

Remove the grain from her milk cow’s diet

If your cow is a actual go getter milk wise and you space swimming in milk, however still feeding grain, cut back the grain.

Or even eliminate the grain completely. This is only for a cow in an excellent body condition, if your cow is thin carry out not lower her calorie intake!

Cattle carry out not need grain, your cow is the same. Serial is a fast, easy resource of supplemental energy. Her gal plainly doesn’t require it.

Cut it earlier slowly and see how she deals with the change. As lengthy as she remains full and keeps a slick hair coat she is fine.

If she has a difficult time adjusting, up the top quality of the forage she’s eating.

Be aware, for some cows this fall in milk production is not reversible (this lactation).

Some cows will certainly not go back up in milk production if you decide to include back in much more energy to shot to rise milk after ~ you have tried to reduced it.

Some cows will certainly hop ago up in production, some will not.

Breed that cow matters for milk production

Yes, the breed that cow walk matter as much as milk production and personality characteristics. That’s the short answer.

The much longer answer is that all individuals will vary off of the common for a group.

An easy way to think the this is if you have actually siblings, you and also your brothers and also sisters room not carbon copies of one another.

Sometimes siblings deserve to be rather different, even with the exact same parents and same environment farming up. It’s the very same thing will certainly all animals, consisting of cows.

The breed descriptions that dairy livestock will offer you generalizations that will be true across the breed, especially when comparing a breed as a team to an additional breed as a group.

Once you relocate to the individual level, the differences between cows of the same breed really begin to show.

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Specifically, that is all around the separation, personal, instance cow that you have actually or are considering buying.

Don’t be together concerned about breed. Think about more important points like attitude (super important!) and teat length.

I have an write-up on choosing a family cow, including a checklist of things to look for and deal breakers to watch the end for!