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Alexander’s father, Philip II that Macedon, hired Aristotle, among chrischona2015.org’s biggest philosophers,, to education the 13-year-old prince. Tiny is known about Alexander’s three-year tutelage however presumably through the finish of that Aristotle’s wise however worldly strategy had sunk in. Follow to legend, while quiet a prince in Greece, Alexander sought out the famous ascetic Diogenes the Cynic, that rejected society niceties and slept in a large clay jar. Alexander approached the thinker in a publicly plaza, questioning Diogenes if there was anything that in his an excellent riches could do for him. “Yes,” Diogenes replied, “stand aside; you’re blocking my sun.” Alexander to be charmed by Diogenes’ refuse to it is in impressed, stating, “If ns were not Alexander, I would certainly be Diogenes.”
Years later, in India, Alexander paused his military conquests to have prolonged discussions with the gymnosophists, “naked philosophers” from the Hindu or Jain faiths who eschewed human vanity—and clothing.
2. In 15 years of conquest Alexander never lost a battle.
Alexander the Great’s army tactics and also strategies room still studied in military academies today. Native his very first victory at age 18, Alexander got a call of leading his males to battle with exceptional speed, permitting smaller forces to reach and break the adversary lines prior to his foes were ready. After ~ securing his kingdom in Greece, in 334 B.C. Alexander crossed into Asia (present-day Turkey) where he winner a series of battles with the Persians under Darius III. The centerpiece the Alexander’s fighting force was the 15,000-strong Macedonian phalanx, whose units held off the sword-wielding Persians through 20-foot-long pikes dubbed sarissa.
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Alexander commemorated his conquests by founding dozens of cities (usually collected around previous military forts), which he invariably named Alexandria. The most renowned of these, started at the mouth the the Nile in 331 B.C., is today Egypt’s second-largest city. Various other Alexandrias map the course of his armies’ advances through present-day Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and also Pakistan. Close to the site of the battle of the river Hydaspes—the costliest success of his Indian campaign—Alexander established the city that Bucephala, named for his favourite horse, which was mortally hurt in the battle.