¿Cuántos? – ¿Cuántas?
CUÁNTO, CUÁNTOS, CUÁNTA, CUÁNTAS are used when we desire to know HOW countless or exactly how MUCH the something over there is. These interrogatives (question words) are offered for counting or measure up something.
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But why are there four creates of this concern word?
It counts on words (normally a noun) the comes after the and whether it is singular or plural, and also if it is mrs or feminine. The interrogative needs to agree in gender and also quantity with the noun that follows it.¿Cuánto? + singular mrs noun¿Cuántos? + plural masculine noun¿Cuánta? + singular feminine noun¿Cuántas? + plural feminine noun
Examples:¿Cuántos niños hay? = How plenty of boys space there?¿Cuántas niñas hay? = How numerous girls are there?¿Cuánto dinero necesito? = just how much money do I need?¿Cuántos libros hay? = just how many books are there?¿Cuánta ropa tienes? = how much apparel do you have?¿Cuántas horas trabajaste ayer? = How many hours did you work-related yesterday?
Just like other question words in Spanish, among the vowels has an accent note (tilde) over it, in this case the first letter A.
These interrogatives can also appear alone (without a noun after ~ it) despite they still describe a noun.
If you room talking about apples (manzanas) and also you room asked How many? … you know they room asking around How countless apples, even though words apples is not added to the question. The same happens in Spanish. The person may just say ¿Cuántas? without the word manzanas ~ it. Note how that interrogative end in -AS (cuántAS) since we space talking around manzanAS (plural feminine noun). (We don’t speak the noun again to avoid repetition)
Let’s look at at examples of every one…
Cuánto is normally complied with by a masculine noun in singular type (or v uncountable nouns). That means How much?
For example:¿Cuánto dinero necesitas? – (How lot money perform you need?)¿Cuánto chocolate comes? – (How much chocolate do girlfriend eat?)
Cuánto can additionally be complied with by a verb.
For example:¿Cuánto vale? – (How lot is it?)¿Cuánto cuesta la bicicleta? – (How lot does the bike cost?)¿Cuánto estudias? – (How lot do friend study?)¿Cuánto pesas? – (How much do you weigh?)¿Cuánto pagaste por tu pelota? – (How much did you pay for your ball?)
When cuanto is offered with tiempo or the verb durar, the refers to how LONG (duration of time) something is.¿Cuánto tiempo estuviste en Chile? – (How long were you in Chile?)¿Cuánto tiempo necesitas? – (How long carry out you need?)¿Cuánto durará la prueba? – (How long will the test be?)
More instances of concerns using Cuánto¿Cuánto dinero tienes? – (How much money execute you have?)¿Cuánto dura la película? – (How long does the movie last?)
Cuántos is normally followed by a masculine noun in plural form. That means How many?
Examples of concerns using Cuántos¿Cuántos libros necesito? – (How many books do i need?)¿Cuántos hijos tienes? – (How many kids do friend have?)¿Cuántos cuartos hay en tu casa? – (How countless rooms space there in her house?)
When Cuántos is followed by años, it method How old…?(In Spanish you usage tener instead of to be when providing an age.)¿Cuántos años tienes? – (How old space you?)
Cuánta is normally followed by a feminine noun in singular form. The means How much?
Examples of questions using Cuánta¿Cuánta paciencia tiene la profesora? – (How much patience walk the teacher have?)¿Cuánta leche quieres? – (How lot milk perform you want?)¿Cuánta comida tienes? – (How lot food perform you have?)¿Cuánta nieve hay? – (How much snow is there?)¿Cuánta harina necesitas? – (How much flour execute you need?)
Cuántas is normally followed by a feminine noun in plural form. It means How many?
Examples of inquiries using Cuántas¿Cuántas manzanas hay? – (How countless apples are there?)¿Cuántas personas ves? – (How many world do girlfriend see?)¿Cuántas personas vienen? – (How many civilization are coming?)¿Cuántas familias hay? – (How numerous families room there?)¿Cuántas horas trabajas cada día? – (How plenty of hours execute you job-related every day?)
Irregular Nouns with Cuántos
You have to be careful with irregular nouns that end in an -O however are feminine or end in an -A yet are masculine.
For example:mano ends in one O despite is a feminine native (LA mano).mapa ends in one A though is a masculine word (EL mapa).
For these types of nouns, the Interrogative needs to coincide not through the finishing of the noun, but whether it is masculine/feminine or not.
Examples:¿Cuántos problemas tienes? – (How countless problems do you have?)¿Cuántas manos? – (How numerous hands?)¿Cuántos mapas necesitas? – (How many maps do you need?)¿Cuántos días hay en febrero? – (How plenty of days room there in February?)
Cuánto v prepositions
Sometimes Cuánto appears with a preposition prior to it in Questions.
See more: What Does Aqui Mean In Spanish On My Block? What Does Aqui Mean In Spanish
More around Cuándo with prepositions will be watched in another lesson.
So, just how do girlfriend say how MUCH or exactly how MANY in Spanish? … ¿Cuánto? ¿Cuántos? ¿Cuánta? or ¿Cuántas?