Standing in the fabric store surrounding by bolts that gorgeous colors have the right to be interesting – or intimidating. How have the right to you make certain you have enough towel for your next project prior to you’re standing at her cutting table? The an essential to comment this concern is learning the width of fabric you have accessible to you.

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The traditional width the a fabric bolt can be anywhere from 35 inches to 108 inches. The average bolt will fall within the 40 come 60-inch range, with specialty fabrics falling ~ above the outer reaches of the range. Till you understand the width of her fabric, friend won’t recognize how countless yards girlfriend need.

The best means to find the width of your fabric is to measure up it ~ above a flat surface. Before you obtain that far, however, you can estimate the width based upon factors prefer the form of material, whereby you’re buying, and how the cloth is folded on the bolt. This overview will take you from a towel width novice come a measure whiz!


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What Is the width of towel (WOF)?

The width of the towel or WOF refers to the distance between the outermost warp threads. When you manufacture fabric on a loom, there space threads running in two directions, the warp and also the weft. If you think that the fabric like a large grid, the warp threads run optimal to bottom, and also the weft threads run left to right.

The usable width of your fabric is the measurement between the warp subject on the left edge to the warp thread on the right edge, minus any type of selvage. The actual piece of material could be more comprehensive than the usable portion, however most manufacturers will carry out the usable width fairly than the actual width.

In sewing, the WOF is the lot of space you need to place her pattern pieces between selvage edges. You want to cut within the boundary because selvage edges room denser 보다 the rest of the fabric, so consisting of them in a sample piece have the right to make your garment pucker.

For quilting, WOF can encompass the selvage edges. This is since you typically aren’t making use of pattern pieces to reduced out quilt fabric. A quilting instruction favor “cut out a four-inch WOF strip” would mean to reduced one piece of fabric, consisting of selvage edges.

Why Is fabric Width Important?

Fabric broad is important due to the fact that it will assist you identify how many yards of cloth you’ll need to complete your pattern. For example, if you have actually a quilting pattern the calls because that 5 yards that a towel with a WOF of 45 inches, however you desire to use a fabric that has actually a shorter WOF, you’ll know you need much more than 5 yards to finish the pattern.

Most patterns for sewing or quilting jobs will provide you both a yardage requirement and also a WOF measurement. Learning these two dimensions is the only means to insurance you’ll have actually the best amount of towel for your project before you begin cutting.

How to measure the width of Fabric

Measuring the width of your cloth is straightforward – all you need is a big flat surface and a yardstick or other measuring tool. Put your fabric out flat, smoothing out any wrinkles. Make sure you’ve unravelled it so that you have the right to see both selvage edges. Location one finish of your yardstick top top one selvage edge and also note whereby the number whereby the other selvage sheet touches.

If you usage a cut mat with dimensions printed ~ above it, you can lay the end your towel there to check the measurements. Measure up tapes work too, however a stiff tool choose a yardstick is more likely to offer you an exact measurement every time.

To inspect the usable width in between selvage edges, change the place of your yardstick so the the zero is lined up with the start of the usable fabric. Most fabrics will be less than a garden across, but for wider fabrics prefer quilt backing or upholstery, you might need to use multiple yardsticks or a large cutting mat to measure her WOF.

What Is the conventional Width of fabric Bolt?


Fabric broad varies by manufacturer and fabric type. While over there isn’t a traditional width because that all fabric bolts, over there are ways to calculation how broad fabric is prior to you measure up it. Similar fabrics often tend to have comparable widths; for example, many cotton fabrics have actually the very same width whereas many wools have the very same width, however wool and also cotton won’t necessarily have actually the exact same width together each other.

The median width for cloth you’d discover in a local craft save or cloth store is in between 40 and 60 inches. Once you see towel rolled up on rectangle-shaped cardboard bolts, it’s safe to assume that the broad is going to fall somewhere in between 35 inches and 108 inches. Understanding the sort of cloth will assist you do a closer guess.

What Is solitary Width Fabric?

Single-width towel refers to any fabric that’s wrapped approximately the bolt unfolded. When you unroll a single-width fabric, you’ll only have one layer on her cutting table. The selvage edges will be ~ above opposite political parties of the fabric, and also you’ll be able to plainly see the right and also wrong sides of the fabric. Single-width towel is generally wrapped around the bolt through the ideal side facing outwards, so you have the right to see it.

What Is double Width Fabric?

Double width towel is a fabric that is folded in fifty percent widthwise prior to the manufacturer wraps it roughly the bolt. When you unwrap this fabric, the selvage edges will certainly be ~ above the exact same side, and also the opposite side will have a fold.

This is how extremely large fabrics like upholstery or drapery fabrics room packaged. Typically, the appropriate side that the fabric will confront outwards, and the wrong sides will certainly be dealing with each various other inside the fold. As soon as you cut this cloth off the bolt, you’ll have a dual layer.

Fabrics through Narrow Widths

Narrow fabrics have tendency to be materials that you use for smaller pieces, like interfacing. Girlfriend don’t need as much width, for this reason bolts of interfacing often tend to it is in closer come 30 inches 보다 40. Vintage fabrics, especially cottons and also muslins, additionally tend to be narrower 보다 40 inches.

Smaller looms bring about narrower fabrics, so cloth manufactured outside of a commercial setting is an ext likely to it is in narrow. This fabrics are normally older, or more specialty. It is rarely to uncover these fabrics in your average fabric store.

Fabrics with median Widths

The vast bulk of fabrics that you’ll find today will autumn within the 40 to 60-inch range. Quilting cotton and most apparel fabric fit these parameters. Within this range, quilting fabrics often tend to be bigger than others.

Cotton is frequently a few inches broader than flannel, and wool is commonly a couple of inches broader than cotton. All of these, however, will certainly be single-width fabrics. If you discover an apparel cloth that’s folded twin on the bolt, it’s going to it is in an extra large fabric.

Wider than mean Fabrics (Extra broad Fabric)

The most common extra wide fabrics are for upholstery and home decor. This fabrics often tend to be packaged as dual width because they’re therefore wide. They are typically between 54 inches and 108 inch wide. Home decor structure with detailed patterns choose brocades room usually extra vast to minimize the need for sample matching and also seaming on large items, like couches or drapes.

Some less usual apparel fabrics likewise show increase in extra wide widths. Knit jersey, corduroy, and twill skew wider, because of the way they’re made. Knit jersey is more likely to be sold twin width 보다 corduroy, however, because it is much easier to fold.

Quilt backing is also commonly sold in extra vast widths. Backing an entire quilt in one seamless item of fabric usually requires an ext than 60 customs in width. A typical queen-size bed is 60 inches across, therefore making quilts come fit anything bigger than a queen requires wider quilt backing.

How to discover the broad of fabric Bolts


Before friend pull under a bolt and also roll it the end to cut, it’s a great idea to try to discover the width. The will aid you calculate how numerous yards you’ll need, and whether the towel can accommodate your pattern.

If the cloth is wrapped roughly a rectangle-shaped cardboard bolt, check the finish of the cardboard because that a label. Many cardboard bolts will have a sticker v information around the fabric, including the WOF, fiber content, and also washing instructions. Depending on the retailer, this label could additionally include pricing per yard information.

If the cloth is on a roll or the cardboard bolt is blank, examine for a hanging tag or an additional label nearby. The tag should contain all of the same information that the bolt would.

Keep in mind the the yardage the brand states may not be accurate, particularly if someone else has already purchased several of the bolt. Constantly measure the fabric prior to cutting or purchasing the bolt. Measure twice, reduced once applies from the an extremely beginning of your project!

Does the Width adjust How countless Yards room On a Bolt?

The WOF doesn’t have actually a substantial influence on how many yards room wrapped roughly a bolt. The mean bolt has between 40 and also 100 yards, to start with, regardless of the width. The thickness of the towel has much more impact top top the yardage than the width.

Thicker product will have less yardage size than diluent material since it is harder to wrap roughly the bolt as plenty of times. Denim will obtain too thick because that the cardboard bolt prior to a cotton/lycra blend will.

When you’re buying whole bolt of fabric, make sure to measure it also if the size are printed on the label. Especially in retail chains, you may not have the ability to tell if someone else has purchased part of the bolt or not. It’s far better to take the time to measure the end your cloth in the keep than to get home and start cutting, only to realize you’re quick a few yards!

Is a Bolt measure up the Same way as a Roll?


When you’re buying towel wholesale, or native a large outlet, friend might notification that the fabric isn’t folded onto bolts. Rather, it’s rolling up ~ above tubes, prefer wrapping paper. Rolfes of fabric aren’t measure up the same method as bolts.

Extra wide fabric can be placed on roll in a single layer rather of folded double over bolts. This is beneficial for thicker, less flexible fabrics that won’t fold together neatly. Rolls are a an ext common exercise for wholesalers due to the fact that they are dealing with larger amounts at a time. Offering 250 yards reduced from a single roll is simpler than offering that much in 40-yard bolts.

How broad Is towel Sold by the Yard?

Fabric is usually sold by the yard, no matter how vast it is. The price every yard should account for the broad of the fabric, too. For instance, twin width cloth might look like it costs dual per yard as a similar fabric sold solitary width. Actually, the price every square foot is likely the same, you just get twice as much cloth per yard in dual width together you carry out in a single.

“By the yard” is a shorter method of noting the size of cloth than labeling fabric by square feet or square inches. Marketing it by lengths and providing you with widths is a means to give you more information around the cloth than other ways of measuring it.

How come Make certain You Get sufficient Fabric

Knowing the width is the very first step in obtaining enough fabric for your project. As soon as you understand this information, there space a few more points to look in ~ to make certain you don’t end up short-changing yourself.

Look at her pattern come see how you’ll require to cut out your pieces. Because that quilting, dual check the the fabric can accommodate the widest piece of her pattern. For sewing, look at the lengths the the individual pattern pieces. A broad that functions for a blouse, for example, might not work for a full circle skirt.

Make sure to check the selvage edge of the fabric when you’re making her calculations. Even a little overlap through the selvage could make building your pattern daunting if there’s a substantial difference in cloth density.

At the same time, make certain you have enough fabric to account for fussy cuttings or lining up directional prints. While friend might have the ability to get enough towel out the 3 yards that striped fabric, that may not be enough towel to line up the stripes so the they are all dealing with the ideal direction. Provided the choice between to buy extra fabric and having crooked stripes or plaids, it’s better to have actually extra fabric!

Fabric broad Conversion Chart

Figuring out exactly how much towel you need when your pattern width and your towel width don’t enhance can it is in tricky. Use the chart listed below as a handy guide for converting the yardage because that various cloth widths. The most common yardage demands are listed.

Always err on the next of gaining extra fabric, specifically if you’re working v directional prints or hard-to-find fabrics. The largest yardage top top this graph is 2 yards that 60-inch fabric, however the switch is the same for any type of yardage; simply swap the totality number for the yardage you require (i.e. If you require 4 yards of 60 inch, you might use 4 ¾ yards that 35 inch).



Fabric come in a variety of widths, based upon the kind of fabric and its intended use. Also though over there is a variety, there are straightforward tricks come figuring out the best amount the yardage for your project. Knowing the width of your fabric is the an initial step for making the perfect project.

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If you discovered these tips advantageous for her sewing and also quilting projects, you re welcome let us understand in the comments! share this write-up to aid others learn around the prominence of fabric widths and also measuring your fabric accurately.