Vertical analysis (likewise recognized as common-dimension analysis) is a popular technique of financial statement analysis that shows each item on a statement as a percent of a base number within the statement.

You are watching: In a vertical analysis, the base for cost of goods sold is

To conduct a vertical analysis of balance sheet, the full of assets and also the full of liabilities and stockholders’ equity are primarily provided as base figures. All individual assets (or teams of assets if condensed develop balance sheet is used) are presented as a portion of total assets. The current liabilities, long term debts and also equities are presented as a percentage of the full liabilities and stockholders’ equity.

To conduct a vertical analysis of earnings statement, sales figure is mostly provided as the base and also all various other components of revenue statement prefer price of sales, gross profit, operating costs, earnings taxation, and also net income and so on are presented as a percentage of sales.

In a vertical analysis the percentage is computed by utilizing the adhering to formula:

Percentage of base = (Amount of individual item/Amount of base item) × 100

A basic vertical analysis requirements an individual statement for a reporting period however comparative statements may be prepared to increase the usefulness of the analysis.

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An example of the vertical analysis of balance sheet and also earnings statement is offered below:

Comparative balance sheet with vertical analysis:


*Current assets:

2018: (550,000 / 1,139,500) × 100 = 48.3%2017: (530,000 / 1,230,500) × 100 = 43.3%

Comparative revenue statement with vertical analysis:


*Cost of goods sold:

2018: (1,043,000/1,498,000) × 100 = 69.6%2017: (820,000/1200,000) × 100 = 68.3%

Vertical evaluation says financial statements in a comparable common-size format (percent form). One of the benefits of common-size analysis is that it can be provided for inter-agency comparikid of enterprises with various sizes because all items are expressed as a portion of some widespread number. For instance, mean firm A and company B belengthy to very same sector. A is a little agency and B is a huge company. Company A’s sales and gross profit are $100,000 and $30,000 respectively whereas agency B’s sales and also gross profit are $1,000,000 and also $300,000 respectively. If vertical evaluation is conducted and also sales number is supplied as base, it would certainly present a gross profit portion of 30% for both the providers as displayed below:

Company type of A and BComparative Income Statement For the year ended…….
Company kind of ACompany type of B
Cost of items sold70,00070%700,00070%