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The components of speech

Traditional grammar classifies words based upon eight pchrischona2015.org the speech: the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and also the interjection.

You are watching: Unit 10 parts of speech answers

Each part of speech describes not what the word is, but how words is used. In fact, the same word deserve to be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next. The next couple of examples show how a word"s part of speech can readjust from one sentence come the next, and also following castle is a series of part on the individual components of speech, adhered to by one exercise.

Books space made of ink, paper, and glue.

In this sentence, "books" is a noun, the subject of the sentence.

Deborah waits patiently while Bridget books the tickets.

Here "books" is a verb, and also its subject is "Bridget."

We walk under the street.

In this sentence, "walk" is a verb, and also its topic is the pronoun "we."

The mail carrier stood ~ above the walk.

In this example, "walk" is a noun, which is component of a prepositional expression describing wherein the mail transport stood.

The town chose to construct a brand-new jail.

Here "jail" is a noun, i m sorry is the thing of the infinitive expression "to build."

The sheriff told us that if we did no leave town instantly he would certainly jail us.

Here "jail" is part of the link verb "would jail."

They heard high pitched cries in the center of the night.

In this sentence, "cries" is a noun acting as the straight object that the verb "heard."

The infant cries all night long and all job long.

But right here "cries" is a verb that explains the action of the topic of the sentence, the baby.

The next couple of sections describe each of the components of decided in detail. As soon as you have finished, you can want come test you yourself by make the efforts the exercise.

Written by pagan MacFadyen

 


What is a verb?

The verb is probably the most important component of the sentence. A verbor compound verb asserts something around the subject of the sentence and also express actions, events, or claims of being. The verb or compound verb is the crucial element the the predicate of a sentence.

In each of the complying with sentences, the verb or compound verb ishighlighted:

Dracula bites his victims on the neck.

The verb "bites" describes the action Dracula takes.

In early October, Giselle will plant twenty tulip bulbs.

Here the compound verb "will plant" describes an action that will take ar in the future.

My very first teacher was Miss Crawford, but I remember the janitor Mr. Weatherbee more vividly.

In this sentence, the verb "was" (the simple past tense tense of "is") identifies a specific person and the verb "remember" explains a mental action.

Karl Creelman bicycled roughly the civilization in 1899, yet his diaries and his bicycle were destroyed.

In this sentence, the compound verb "were destroyed" defines an activity which took ar in the past.

 

Written by heather MacFadyen


A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and also abstract idea. Nouns room usually the very first words which tiny children learn. The highlighted words in the following sentences space all nouns:

Late last year our neighbours to buy a goat.Portia White to be an opera singer.The bus inspector looked at every the passengers" passes.According to Plutarch, the library in ~ Alexandria was destroyed in 48 B.C.Philosophy is of little comfort come the starving.

A noun can function in a sentence as a subject, a direct object, one indirect object, a subject complement, an item complement, an appositive, one adjective or one adverb.

Noun Gender

Many common nouns, choose "engineer" or "teacher," can refer to males or women. Once, plenty of English nouns would change form depending top top their gender -- because that example, a man was dubbed an "author" if a mrs was dubbed an "authoress" -- yet this use of gender-specific nouns is really rare today. Those that space still used periodically tend to refer to work categories, together in the adhering to sentences.

David Garrick was a an extremely prominent eighteenth-century actor.Sarah Siddons to be at the elevation of she career as an actress in the 1780s.The manager to be trying to compose a desire ad, but he couldn"t decision whether the was declaring for a "waiter" or a "waitress"Noun Plurals

Most nouns change their type to suggest number by adding "-s" or "-es", as depicted in the following pairs the sentences:

When Matthew was little he hardly ever told the truth if he thought he was going to it is in punished.Many world do not think that truths room self-evident.As lock walked with the quiet house, they to be startled through an unexpected echo.I like to shout into the quarry and listen come the echoes the return.He tripped end a box left carelessly in the hallway.Since we room moving, we will need many boxes.

There are other nouns which kind the plural by changing the critical letter before adding "s". Part words finishing in "f" kind the plural by deleting "f" and including "ves," and words ending in "y" type the many by deleting the "y" and adding "ies," as in the following pairs that sentences:

The harbour in ~ Marble Mountain has one wharf.There are numerous wharves in Halifax Harbour.Warsaw is their favourite city since it reminds castle of their courtship.The holidays my grandparents won contains trips to twelve european cities.The kids circled around the headmaster and also shouted, "Are friend a mouse or a man?"The audience to be shocked once all 5 men admitted the they to be afraid that mice.

Other nouns form the plural irregularly. If English is your first language, girlfriend probably understand most of this already: once in doubt, above a good dictionary.

Possessive Nouns

In the own case, a noun or pronoun changes its form to show that it owns or is very closely related to something else. Usually, nouns end up being possessive by including a combination of one apostrophe and also the letter "s."

You can kind the possessive situation of a singular noun that does not finish in "s" by including an apostrophe and "s," together in the following sentences:

The red suitcase is Cassandra"s.The only luggage the was shed was the prime minister"s.The tired recruits were woken prior to dawn by the drill sergeant"s screams.The miner"s face was covered in coal dust.

You can form the possessive case of a singular noun that ends in "s" by including an apostrophe alone or by including an apostrophe and also "s," together in the adhering to examples:

The bus"s seats are really uncomfortable.The bus" seat are really uncomfortable.The film crew coincidentally crushed the platypus"s eggs.The film crew by chance crushed the platypus" eggs.Felicia Hemans"s poetry was once more popular 보다 Lord Byron"s.Felicia Hemans" poetry was once much more popular 보다 Lord Byron"s.

You can type the possessive instance of a many noun the does not end in "s" by adding an apostrophe and also a "s," together in the complying with examples:

The children"s mittens to be scattered ~ above the floor that the porch.The sheep"s pen was mucked the end every day.Since we have actually a facility appeal process, a jury"s decision is not constantly final.The men"s hockey team will be play as quickly as the women"s team is finished.The hunter complied with the moose"s trail every morning but lost that in the afternoon.

You can kind the possessive instance of a plural noun that does end in "s" by including an apostrophe:

The concert was interrupted through the dogs" barking, the ducks" quacking, and the babies" squalling.The janitors" room is downstairs and to the left.My uncle spent countless hours trying to situate the squirrels" nest.The archivist conveniently finished repairing the diaries" bindings.Religion is normally the topic of the roommates" numerous late night debates.Using own Nouns

When you read the adhering to sentences, friend will notification that a noun in the possessive situation frequently attributes as an adjective modifying an additional noun:

The miner"s challenge was spanned in charcoal dust.

Here the possessive noun "miner"s" is provided to modify the noun "face" and in addition to the article "the," they make up the noun expression that is the sentence"s subject.

The concert to be interrupted through the dogs" barking, the ducks" quacking, and the babies" squalling.

In this sentence, each possessive noun modifies a gerund. The possessive noun "dogs"" modifies "barking," "ducks"" modifies "quacking," and also "babies"" modifies "squalling."

The film crew by chance crushed the platypus"s eggs.

In this instance the own noun "platypus"s" modifies the noun "eggs" and also the noun expression "the platypus"s eggs" is the direct object the the verb "crushed."

My uncle spent plenty of hours make the efforts to situate the squirrels" nest.

In this sentence the own noun "squirrels"" is used to modify the noun "nest" and also the noun phrase "the squirrels" nest" is the thing of the infinitive expression "to locate."

Types that Nouns

There are many different species of nouns. As you know, girlfriend capitalise part nouns, such together "Canada" or "Louise," and also do no capitalise others, such as "badger" or "tree" (unless they appear at the start of a sentence). In fact, grammar have developed a whole collection of noun types, consisting of the suitable noun, the typical noun, the concrete noun, the summary noun, the countable noun (also referred to as the counting noun), the non-countable noun (also dubbed the massive noun), and also the collective noun. You need to note the a noun will belong to an ext than one type: it will certainly be appropriate or common, abstract or concrete, and countable or non-countable or collective.

If you room interested in the details the these various types, you can read about them in the adhering to sections.

Proper Nouns

You always write a proper noun through a resources letter, since the noun represents the surname of a specific person, place, or thing. The surname of work of the week, months, historical documents, institutions, organisations, religions, their holy texts and their adherents are proper nouns. A proper noun is opposing of a usual noun

In every of the adhering to sentences, the proper nouns room highlighted:

The Marroons were transported indigenous Jamaica and also forced to develop the fortifications in Halifax.Many human being dread Monday mornings.Beltane is celebrated on the an initial of May.Abraham shows up in the Talmud and in the Koran.Last year, I had a Baptist, a Buddhist, and also a Gardnerian Witch as roommates.Common Nouns

A common noun is a noun introduce to a person, place, or thing in a basic sense -- usually, you need to write it with a resources letter only when it stchrischona2015.org a sentence. A common noun is the contrary of a appropriate noun.

In each of the following sentences, the typical nouns space highlighted:

According to the sign, the nearest town is 60 miles away.All the gardens in the neighbourhood were invaded by beetles this summer.I don"t know why part people urge on having six different kinds of mustard in your cupboards.The roadway crew to be startled by the sight the three huge moose crossing the road.Many child-care workers space underpaid.

Sometimes you will certainly make suitable nouns the end of usual nouns, as in the following examples:

The tenants in the Garnet Apartments are appealing the big and sudden boost in their rent.The meals in the Bouncing Bean Restaurant are less expensive 보다 meals in plain restaurants.Many witches refer to the Renaissance as the burn Times.The Diary of ann Frank is frequently a child"s an initial introduction come the history of the Holocaust.Concrete Nouns

A concrete noun is a noun i m sorry names anything (or anyone) that you have the right to perceive v your physical senses: touch, sight, taste, hearing, or smell. A concrete noun is opposing of a summary noun.

The highlighted native in the complying with sentences room all concrete nouns:

The judge handed the files come the clerk.Whenever they take it the dog come the beach, it spends hours chasing waves.The real estate agent urged the couple come buy the second house since it had brand-new shingles.As the car drove past the park, the thump that a disco tune overwhelmed the string quartet"s rendition of a minuet.The book binder replaced the flimsy file cover with a sturdy, cloth-covered board.Abstract Nouns

An abstract noun is a noun i m sorry names anything which you can not perceive v your 5 physical senses, and also is the opposite of a concrete noun. The highlighted indigenous in the following sentences space all summary nouns:

Buying the fire extinguisher was an afterthought.Tillie is enjoy it by civilization who room nostalgic around childhood.Justice regularly seems to slip the end of our grasp.Some scientists think that schizophrenia istransfer genetically.Countable Nouns

A countable noun (or count noun) is a noun v both a singular and a many form, and also it names anything (or anyone) that you deserve to count. You deserve to make a countable noun plural and attach it to a many verb in a sentence. Countable nouns room the the opposite of non-countable nouns and also collective nouns.

In every of the following sentences, the highlighted words are countable nouns:

We painted the table red and the chairs blue.Since that inherited his aunt"s library, Jerome security every weekend indexing his books.Miriam discovered six silver- dollars in the toe of a sock.The oak tree lost three branches in the hurricane.Over the course the twenty-seven years, Martha Ballad ceded just over eight hundreds babies.Non-Countable Nouns

A non-countable noun (or mass noun) is a noun which go not have a many form, and which describes something the you can (or would) not usually count. A non-countable noun constantly takes a singular verb in a sentence. Non-countable nouns are similar to collective nouns, and also are the opposite of countable nouns.

The highlighted words in the following sentences room non-countable nouns:

Joseph Priestly discovered oxygen.

The native "oxygen" cannot generally be made plural.

Oxygen is necessary to person life.

Since "oxygen" is a non-countable noun, the takes the singular verb "is" quite than the many verb "are."

We decided to offer the furniture rather than take it through us as soon as we moved.

You cannot do the noun "furniture" plural.

The furniture is heaped in the center of the room.

Since "furniture" is a non-countable noun, it takes a singular verb, "is heaped."

The crew spread the gravel over the roadbed.

You cannot do the non-countable noun "gravel" plural.

Gravel is more expensive than I thought.

Since "gravel" is a non-countable noun, it takes the singular verb form "is."

Collective Nouns

A collective noun is a noun naming a team of things, animals, or persons. You can count the separation, personal, instance members of the group, yet you typically think of the team as a totality is usually as one unit. You require to be able to recognise collective nouns in order to maintain subject-verb agreement. A collective noun is similar to a non-countable noun, and is roughly the the contrary of a countable noun.

In every of the following sentences, the highlighted native is a collective noun:

The flock the geese spends most of the time in the pasture.

The collective noun "flock" takes the singular verb "spends."

The jury is dining top top take-out chicken tonight.

In this instance the cumulative noun "jury" is the topic of the singular compound verb "is dining."

The steering committee meets every Wednesday afternoon.

Here the cumulative noun "committee" takes a singular verb, "meets."

The class to be startled by the bursting light bulb.

In this sentence the word "class" is a cumulative noun and takes the singular compound verb "was startled."

 

Written by pagan MacFadyen


pronoun can change a noun or another pronoun. You usage pronouns prefer "he," "which," "none," and "you" to do your sentences less cumbersome and also less repetitive.

Grammarians divide pronouns right into several types, including the an individual pronoun, the demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the unknown pronoun, the loved one pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and also the intensive pronoun.

Personal Pronouns

personal pronoun refers come a details person or thing and also changes its kind to indicate person, number, gender, and case.

Subjective an individual Pronouns

subjective personal pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting together the subject of the sentence. The subjective an individual pronouns are "I," "you," "she," "he," "it," "we," "you," "they."

In the following sentences, each of the highlighted words is a subjective an individual pronoun and acts as the subject of the sentence:

I was happy to discover the bus pass in the bottom the the environment-friendly knapsack.You are certain the strangest child I have ever met.He stole the selkie"s skin and also forced her to live with him.When she was a young woman, she earned her living as a charcoal miner.After many years, they returned to your homeland.We will fulfill at the library at 3:30 p.m.It is on the counter.Are you the delegates from Malagawatch?Objective an individual Pronouns

An objective personal pronoun indicates the the pronoun is acting as an object of a verb, compound verb, preposition, or infinitive phrase. The objective an individual pronouns are: "me," "you," "her," "him," "it," "us," "you," and also "them."

In the complying with sentences, every of the highlighted words is one objective an individual pronoun:

Seamus stole the selkie"s skin and forced her to live with him.

The objective an individual pronoun "her" is the direct object of the verb "forced" and also the objective an individual pronoun "him" is the object of the preposition "with."

After analysis the pamphlet, Judy threw it into the garbage can.

The pronoun "it" is the straight object of the verb "threw."

The agitated assistant stand up and also faced the angry delegates and said, "Our leader will certainly address you in five minutes."

In this sentence, the pronoun "you" is the straight object of the verb "address."

Deborah and Roberta will certainly meet us at the newest café in the market.

Here the objective personal pronoun "us" is the direct object the the compound verb "will meet."

Give the perform to me.

Here the objective personal pronoun "me" is the thing of the preposition "to."

I"m not certain that my contact will talk to you.

Similarly in this example, the objective an individual pronoun "you" is the thing of the preposition "to."

Christopher was surprised to see her at the traction races.

Here the objective an individual pronoun "her" is the thing of the infinitive phrase "to see."

Possessive personal Pronouns

possessive pronoun indicates the the pronoun is acting as a marker of possession and also defines that owns a specific object or person. The possessive an individual pronouns are "mine," "yours," "hers," "his," "its," "ours," and "theirs." note that possessive an individual pronouns space very similar to possessive adjectives like "my," "her," and also "their."

In every of the adhering to sentences, the highlighted word is a possessive personal pronoun:

The the smallest gift is mine.

Here the possessive pronoun "mine" attributes as a subject complement.

This is yours.

Here as well the possessive pronoun "yours" features as a subject complement.

His is on the kitchen counter.

In this example, the possessive pronoun "his" acts together the topic of the sentence.

Theirs will certainly be delivered tomorrow.

In this sentence, the own pronoun "theirs" is the subject of the sentence.

Ours is the eco-friendly one ~ above the corner.

Here too the own pronoun "ours" role as the topic of the sentence.

Demonstrative Pronouns

demonstrative pronoun points to and identifies a noun or a pronoun. "This" and also "these" refer to things the are surrounding either in room or in time, if "that" and "those" describe things that space farther far in room or time.

The demonstrative pronouns space "this," "that," "these," and "those." "This" and also "that" are offered to refer to singular nouns or noun phrases and also "these" and also "those" are used to express to plural nouns and also noun phrases. Note that the demonstrative pronoun are the same to demonstrative adjectives, though, obviously, you use them differently. The is likewise important to keep in mind that "that" can likewise be supplied as a loved one pronoun.

In the adhering to sentences, each of the highlighted words is a demonstrative pronoun:

This must not continue.

Here "this" is used as the subject of the compound verb "must not continue."

This is puny; that is the tree i want.

In this instance "this" is offered as subject and refers to something close come the speaker. The demonstrative pronoun "that" is additionally a subject yet refers to something farther away from the speaker.

Three customers wanted these.

Here "these" is the direct object the the verb "wanted."

Interrogative Pronouns

An interrogative pronoun is used to asking questions. The questions pronouns room "who," "whom," "which," "what" and the compounds developed with the suffix "ever" ("whoever," "whomever," "whichever," and "whatever"). Keep in mind that either "which" or "what" can also be supplied as an interrogative adjective, and also that "who," "whom," or "which" can additionally be used as a loved one pronoun.

You will find "who," "whom," and also occasionally "which" used to refer to people, and also "which" and "what" supplied to refer to things and also to animals.

"Who" acts together the topic of a verb, when "whom" acts as the thing of a verb, preposition, or a verbal.

The highlighted word in every of the complying with sentences is an interrogative pronoun:

Which wants to see the dentist first?

"Which" is the topic of the sentence.

Who wrote the novel Rockbound?

Similarly "who" is the topic of the sentence.

Whom do you think we must invite?

In this sentence, "whom" is the thing of the verb "invite."

To whom do you wish to speak?

Here the questions pronoun "whom " is the thing of the preposition "to."

Who will meet the delegates in ~ the train station?

In this sentence, the questions pronoun "who" is the subject of the link verb "will meet."

To whom did you offer the paper?

In this example the interrogative pronoun "whom" is the object of the preposition "to."

What did she say?

Here the questions pronoun "what" is the straight object of the verb "say."

Relative Pronouns

You deserve to use a relative pronoun is used to connect one phrase or clause to one more phrase or clause. The family member pronouns room "who," "whom," "that," and also "which." The link "whoever," "whomever," and also "whichever" are additionally relative pronouns.

You have the right to use the loved one pronouns "who" and "whoever" to describe the subject of a i or sentence, and "whom" and "whomever" to refer to the objects of a verb, a linguistic or a preposition.

In every of the complying with sentences, the highlighted word is a relative pronoun.

You might invite whomever you like to the party.

The loved one pronoun "whomever" is the straight object the the link verb "may invite."

The candidate who wins the greatest well-known vote is not always elected.

In this sentence, the family member pronoun is the subject of the verb "wins" and introduces the subordinate clause "who wins the greatest renowned vote." This subordinate i acts as an adjective modifying "candidate."

In a time of crisis, the manager asks the workers whom she trust to it is in the most effective to come an hour previously than usual.

In this sentence "whom" is the direct object the the verb "believes" and introduces the subordinate clause "whom she to trust to be the many efficient". This subordinate clause modifies the noun "workers."

Whoever broke the home window will have to replace it.

Here "whoever" features as the subject of the verb "broke."

The crate which was left in the corridor has actually now been moved right into the warehouse closet.

In this example "which" acts as the topic of the compound verb "was left" and also introduces the subordinate i "which was left in the corridor." The subordinate clause acts as an adjective modifying the noun "crate."

I will certainly read whichever manuscript arrives first.

Here "whichever" modifies the noun "manuscript" and also introduces the subordinate i "whichever manuscript come first." The low grade clause features as the direct object the the compound verb "will read."

Indefinite Pronouns

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun referring to an identifiable yet not specified human or thing. An indefinite pronoun conveys the idea of all, any, none, or some.

The most common indefinite pronouns space "all," "another," "any," "anybody," "anyone," "anything," "each," "everybody," "everyone," "everything," "few," "many," "nobody," "none," "one," "several," "some," "somebody," and "someone." keep in mind that some indefinite pronoun can likewise be provided as indefinite adjectives.

The highlighted words in the following sentences are indefinite pronouns:

Many were invited to the lunch but only twelve confirmed up.

Here "many" acts as the subject of the link verb "were invited."

The office had actually been searched and everything was thrown ~ above the floor.

In this example, "everything" acts together a subject of the link verb "was thrown."

We donated everything we found in the attic come the woman"s sanctuary garage sale.

In this sentence, "everything" is the straight object that theverb "donated."

Although they looked everywhere for extra copies of the magazine, lock found none.

Here as well the indefinite pronoun attributes as a straight object: "none" is the straight object of "found."

Make certain you give everyone a copy of the amended bylaws.

In this example, "everyone" is the indirect object of the verb "give" -- the direct object is the noun expression "a copy of the amended bylaws."

Give a it is registered package to each.

Here "each" is the object of the preposition "to."

Reflexive Pronouns

You have the right to use a reflexive pronoun to refer earlier to the subject of the clause or sentence.

The reflex pronouns room "myself," "yourself," "herself," "himself," "itself," "ourselves," "yourselves," and "themselves." keep in mind each of these can likewise act as an extensive pronoun.

Each that the highlighted words in the complying with sentences is a reflex pronoun:

Diabetics give themselves insulin shots numerous times a day.The Dean regularly does the photocopying herself so the the secretaries deserve to do more important work.After the party, ns asked myself why I had faxed invitations to anyone in my office building.Richard commonly remembered come send a copy the his e-mail tohimself.Although the landlord promised to repaint the apartment, we finished up law it ourselves.Intensive Pronouns

An intensive pronoun is a pronoun offered to emphasize its antecedent. Intensive pronouns are identical in type to reflex pronouns.

The highlighted words in the complying with sentences are intensive pronouns:

myself believe that aliens have to abduct my sister.The element Minister himself said the he would lower taxes.They themselves promised to pertained to the party also though they had a final exam at the very same time.

 

Written by pagan MacFadyen


An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. One adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which the modifies.

In the complying with examples, the highlighted words room adjectives:

The truck-shaped balloon floated over the treetops.Mrs. Morrison papered her kitchen walls with hideous wall paper.The small boat foundered ~ above the wine dark sea.The coal mines are dark and dank.Many stores have currently begun to play irritating Christmasmusic.A battered music box sat on the mahogany sideboard.The earlier room to be filled with largeyellow rain boots.

An adjective have the right to be amendment by an adverb, or by a phrase or clausefunctioning together an adverb. In the sentence

My husband knits intricately patterned mittens.

for example, the adverb "intricately" modifies the adjective "patterned."

Some nouns, numerous pronouns, and many participle phrases can additionally act as adjectives. In the sentence

Eleanor listened to the muffled sounds that the radio hiddenunder she pillow.

for example, both highlighted adjectives are past participles.

Grammarians likewise consider articles ("the," "a," "an") to it is in adjectives.

Possessive Adjectives

possessive adjective ("my," "your," "his," "her," "its," "our," "their") is comparable or similar to a possessive pronoun; however, it is offered as an adjective and modifies a noun or a noun phrase, as in the complying with sentences:

I can"t complete my assignment since I don"t have actually the textbook.

In this sentence, the possessive adjective "my" modifies "assignment" and also the noun expression "my assignment" functions as an object. Keep in mind that the possessive pronoun form "mine" is not used to modify a noun or noun phrase.

What is your phone number.

Here the own adjective "your" is supplied to modify the noun expression "phone number"; the whole noun phrase "your call number" is a subject complement. Note that the possessive pronoun form "yours" is not supplied to change a noun or a noun phrase.

The bakery sold his favourite kind of bread.

In this example, the own adjective "his" modifies the noun expression "favourite type of bread" and the entire noun phrase "his favourite kind of bread" is the direct object of the verb "sold."

After plenty of years, she changed to her homeland.

Here the possessive adjective "her" modifies the noun "homeland" and also the noun expression "her homeland" is the object of the preposition"to." Note also that the kind "hers" is not used to modify nouns or noun phrases.

We have lost our way in this wood.

In this sentence, the own adjective "our" modifies "way" and the noun phrase "our way" is the direct object of the compound verb"have lost". Keep in mind that the own pronoun form "ours" is not used to modify nouns or noun phrases.

In countless fairy tales, kids are neglected by their parents.

Here the possessive adjective "their" modifies "parents" and the noun phrase "their parents" is the object of the preposition "by." keep in mind that the possessive pronoun kind "theirs" is not offered to modify nouns or noun phrases.

The cat chased its ball under the stairs and also into the backyard.

In this sentence, the own adjective "its" modifies "ball" and also the noun expression "its ball" is the thing of the verb "chased." keep in mind that "its" is the own adjective and "it"s" is a contraction for "it is."

Demonstrative Adjectives

The demonstrative adjectives "this," "these," "that," "those," and also "what" are similar to the demonstrative pronouns, yet are supplied as adjectives to modify noun or noun phrases, together in the complying with sentences:

When the librarian tripped over that cord, she reduce a heap of books.

In this sentence, the demonstrative adjective "that" modifies the noun "cord" and the noun expression "that cord" is the thing of the preposition "over."

This apartment needs to it is in fumigated.

Here "this" modifies "apartment" and the noun phrase "this apartment" is the subject of the sentence.

Even though my girlfriend preferred those plates, i bought these.

In the subordinate clause, "those" modifies "plates" and the noun expression "those plates" is the thing of the verb "preferred." In the independent clause, "these" is the straight object of the verb "bought."

Note the the relationship in between a demonstrative adjective and also a demonstrative pronoun is comparable to the relationship between a own adjective and also a own pronoun, or to that between a ask adjective and an interrogative pronoun.

Interrogative Adjectives

An interrogative adjective ("which" or "what") is choose an ask pronoun, other than that that modifies a noun or noun expression rather than standing on its very own (see likewise demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives):

Which plants must be watered double a week?

Like other adjectives, "which" have the right to be used to change a noun or a noun phrase. In this example, "which" modifies "plants" and also the noun expression "which plants" is the topic of the compound verb "should be watered":

What book are you reading?

In this sentence, "what" modifies "book" and also the noun phrase "what book" is the straight object the the link verb "are reading."

Indefinite Adjectives

An indefinite adjective is comparable to an indefinite pronoun, except that the modifies a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase, as in the following sentences:

Many people think that corporations space under-taxed.

The indefinite adjective "many" modifies the noun "people" and also the noun expression "many people" is the topic of the sentence.

I will certainly send you any type of mail the arrives after you have moved come Sudbury.

The unknown adjective "any" modifies the noun "mail" and the noun phrase "any mail" is the straight object that the compound verb "will send."

They found a couple of goldfish floating belly up in the swan pound.

In this example the indefinite adjective modifies the noun "goldfish" and also the noun expression is the straight object that the verb "found":

The title of Kelly"s favourite game is "All dogs go to heaven."

Here the indefinite pronoun "all" modifies "dogs" and also the complete title is a topic complement.

 

Written by heath MacFadyen


An adverb can change a verb, an adjective, one more adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb suggests manner, time, place, cause, or degree and also answers concerns such as "how," "when," "where," "how much".

While some adverbs deserve to be established by their characteristic "ly" suffix, most of them should be figured out by untangling the grammatical relationships within the sentence or i as a whole. Uneven an adjective, one adverb deserve to be discovered in various places within the sentence.

In the complying with examples, every of the highlighted words is an adverb:

The seamstress quickly made the mourning clothes.

In this sentence, the adverb "quickly" modifies the verb "made" and also indicates in what manner (or how fast) the clothes was constructed.

The midwives waited patiently through a long labour.

Similarly in this sentence, the adverb "patiently" modifies the verb "waited" and also describes the manner in i m sorry the midwives waited.

The boldly spoken words would return to haunt the rebel.

In this sentence the adverb "boldly" modifies the adjective "spoken."

We urged him come dial the number more expeditiously.

Here the adverb "more" modifies the adverb "expeditiously."

Unfortunately, the financial institution closed in ~ three today.

In this example, the adverb "unfortunately" modifies the whole sentence.


Conjunctive Adverbs

You have the right to use a conjunctive adverb to join two clauses together. Several of the most typical conjunctive adverbs room "also," "consequently," "finally," "furthermore," "hence," "however," "incidentally," "indeed," "instead," "likewise," "meanwhile," "nevertheless," "next," "nonetheless," "otherwise," "still," "then," "therefore," and also "thus." A conjunctive adverb is not strong enough to sign up with two independent clauses without the help of a semicolon.

The highlighted words in the following sentences space conjunctive adverbs:

The federal government has reduced university budgets; consequently, course sizes have been increased.He go not have all the ingredient the recipe called for;therefore, he determined to make something else.The report encourage several changes to the ways the coporation, group accounted for donations; furthermore, it said that a brand-new auditor it is in appointed immediately.The group waited patiently for three hours; finally, the doors to the stadium were opened.Batman and Robin fruitlessly searched the building; indeed, the Joker had actually escaped with a secret door in the basement.

 

Written by heath MacFadyen


preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or expression that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition.

A preposition usually shows the temporal, spatial or logical connection of its object to the rest of the sentence as in the following examples:

The book is on the table.The book is beneath the table.The book is leaning against the table.The publication is beside the table.She hosted the book over the table.She read the book during class.

In each of the coming before sentences, a preposition locates the noun "book" in room or in time.

A prepositional phrase is made up of the preposition, that is object and any associated adjectives or adverbs. A prepositional phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. The most typical prepositions space "about," "above," "across," "after," "against," "along," "among," "around," "at," "before," "behind," "below," "beneath," "beside," "between," "beyond," "but," "by," "despite," "down," "during," "except," "for," "from," "in," "inside," "into," "like," "near," "of," "off," "on," "onto," "out," "outside," "over," "past," "since," "through," "throughout," "till," "to," "toward," "under," "underneath," "until," "up," "upon," "with," "within," and also "without."

Each of the highlighted words in the adhering to sentences is a preposition:

The children climbed the mountain without fear.

In this sentence, the preposition "without" introduce the noun "fear." The prepositional expression "without fear" features as one adverb describing just how the kids climbed.

There was rejoicing throughout the land once the federal government was defeated.

Here, the preposition "throughout" introduces the noun phrase "the land." The prepositional phrase acts together an adverb relenten the location of the rejoicing.

The spider crawled slowly along the banister.

The preposition "along" introduces the noun phrase "the banister" and the prepositional expression "along the banister" acts as an adverb, describing whereby the spider crawled.

The dog is hiding under the porch because it to know it will certainly be punished for chewing increase a brand-new pair of shoes.

Here the preposition "under" introduces the prepositional expression "under the porch," i m sorry acts together an adverb editing and enhancing the compound verb "is hiding."

The screenwriter searched for the manuscript that was particular was somewhere in his office.

Similarly in this sentence, the preposition "in" introduces a prepositional expression "in his office," which acts as an adverb describing the ar of the missing papers.

 

 

Written by heath MacFadyen


You have the right to use a conjunction to attach words, phrases, and clauses, together in the complying with example:

I ate the pizza and the pasta.Call the movers when you are ready.Co-ordinating Conjunctions

You use a co-ordinating conjunction ("and," "but," "or," "nor," "for," "so," or "yet") to sign up with individual words, phrases, and independent clauses. Keep in mind that you can also use the shortcut "but" and also "for" as prepositions.

In the following sentences, every of the highlighted words is a co-ordinating conjunction:

Lilacs and violets are usually purple.

In this example, the co-ordinating connect "and" links two nouns.

This movie is specifically interesting to feminist film theorists,for the screenplay was created by Mae West.

In this example, the co-ordinating conjunction "for" is offered to connect two independent clauses.

Daniel"s uncle declared that he spent many of his youth dancing on rooftops and swallowing goldfish.

Here the co-ordinating associate "and" web links two participle phrases ("dancing on rooftops" and also "swallowing goldfish") which action as adverbs describing the verb "spends."

Subordinating Conjunctions

subordinating conjunction introduces a dependent clause and shows the nature of the relationship among the live independence clause(s) and also the dependent clause(s).

The most common subordinating conjunctions are "after," "although," "as," "because," "before," "how," "if," "once," "since," "than," "that," "though," "till," "until," "when," "where," "whether," and "while."

Each that the highlighted words in the complying with sentences is a object conjunction:

After she had learned to drive, Alice felt much more independent.

The object conjunction "after" introduces the dependent i "After she had learned to drive."

If the paperwork arrives on time, her cheque will be mailed top top Tuesday.

Similarly, the subordinating conjunction "if" introduce the dependent i "If the paperwork come on time."

Gerald had actually to start his thesis end again when his computer crashed.

The object conjunction "when" introduce the dependent i "when his computer crashed."

Midwifery supporters argue that home births space safer becausethe mother and also baby room exposed to fewer people and also fewer germs.

In this sentence, the dependent i "because the mother and baby space exposed to under people and also fewer germs" is presented by the object conjunction "because."

Correlative Conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions always show up in pairs -- you use them to connect equivalent sentence elements. The most common correlative conjunctions room "both...and," "either...or," "neither...nor,", "not only...but also," "so...as," and "whether...or." (Technically correlative link consist just of a co-ordinating conjunction connected to an adjective or adverb.)

The highlighted words in the following sentences space correlative conjunctions:

Both my grandfather and my father operated in the stole plant.

In this sentence, the correlative associate "both...and" is supplied to link the two noun phrases that act as the compound subject of the sentence: "my grandfather" and also "my father".

Bring either a Jello salad or a potato scallop.

Here the correlative associate "either...or" links two noun phrases: "a Jello salad" and "a potato scallop."

Corinne is trying to decide whether to walk to medical school orto walk to regulation school.

Similarly, the correlative connect "whether ... Or" web links the two infinitive phrases "to go to medical school" and also "to go to legislation school."

The to explode destroyed not only the school but also the adjoining pub.

In this instance the correlative connect "not just ... However also" links the 2 noun paragraph ("the school" and also "neighbouring pub") which action as direct objects.

Note: part words which appear as link can also appear together prepositions or together adverbs.

 

Written by heather MacFadyen


An interjection is a word included to a sentence to convey emotion. The is no grammatically associated to any kind of other component of the sentence.

You usually follow one interjection v an exclamation mark. Interjections room uncommon in formal academic prose, except in direct quotations.

See more: When Does Luffy Get His Scar, How Did Luffy Get His Scar In One Piece

The highlighted words in the complying with sentences space interjections:

Ouch, that hurt!Oh no, ns forgot that the exam was today.Hey! placed that down!I heard one guy say to one more guy, "He has actually a new car, eh?"I don"t know about you but, good lord, i think taxes are too high!