Raccoons are highly intelligent and curious creatures, however they can likewise be a nuisance to any type of homeowner. This nocturnal mammals can damage gardens, do a chaos by tipping over rubbish cans, and can reason structural damage in find of food. Top top this page, you will learn general raccoon facts and how to recognize raccoon damage.

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General Raccoon Facts

Scientific Name: Procyon lotor

Average Size: 12" tall; 24-38" long; 14-23 lbs.

Average expectation in the Wild: 2-3 years

Identifying Features: Gray fur with a black color mask and also 4-7 black rings about its tail; pointy snout with a black color nose; dexterous former paws.


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Raccoon Geography

Raccoons are natively found throughout many of phibìc America. Recently, raccoons have arised in parts of Europe and also Japan.


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Raccoon Habitat

Traditionally, raccoons prefer heavily wooded areas with access to trees, water and also abundant vegetation. There, they make their dens in the hollow components of trees and abandoned burrows, traveling approximately 18 mile to forage for food.

Raccoons are incredibly adaptable. They space often uncovered in suburban and urban areas, do their residences in man-made structures choose attics, sewers, barns and sheds. In city areas, raccoons tend to remain closer to your dens with a variety of only about 1 mile, relying on their age and also sex.


Raccoon Diet

Raccoons room omnivores through an opportunistic diet; eating nearly anything they can get their paws on. In urban areas, whereby wildlife and also fresh vegetation room limited, raccoons will certainly be more likely to eat human being food and also invade trashcans. The bulk of your diet consists of sweet foodstuffs like fruits and also invertebrates.

Some favorite foods include:

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Raccoon Behavior

Activity: Nocturnal in nature, raccoons room mostly energetic at nighttime. They space most energetic in spring, summer and also fall, and will sleep in your dens for many of the winter.

Reproduction: Reproduction begins in so late winter. Females, or sows, usually provide birth come 1-6 baby kits in April or May. Mother are an extremely protective of their young till they separate after around a year.

Social Interaction: Raccoons are independent after 12-14 month of age. Adults live in loose knit neighborhoods of 4 - 5 raccoons for better protection against predators.

Communication: Raccoons interact with each various other using end 200 various sounds and 12-15 different calls.

Skills: Raccoons possess amazing dexterity that offers them the capacity to open doors, jars, bottles and latches. They room also great climbers, which permits them to far better access food and shelter.


Identify Raccoon Damage

Raccoons have the right to be extremely devastating due to their curiosity, intelligence, dexterity and also climbing skills.

Here are some signs to assist identify a raccoon problem:

tipped garbage cansraided bird feederspilfered gardensdamaged crops (ex. Chewed sweet corn, hollowed the end watermelons)uncapped chimneystorn shinglesraccoon tracks: five long toes and fingers resembling human hands

Raccoon Diseases

Raccoons can lug several bacterial diseases and parasites that deserve to betransfer come humans and also pets through a bite or the sloop down of raccoon waste.

Some conditions that can influence humans and also pets include:

leptospirosissalmonellaroundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis)rabies

Although raccoons are infamous for transporting rabies, there has actually only been one videotaped human death from raccoon rabies in the joined States. Some indicators that a raccoon may have rabies incorporate aggressiveness, unusual vocalization, and excessive drool or foam from the mouth. If girlfriend think you may have established a rabid raccoon, contact your local pet control authority immediately.


Fun Facts

A raccoon will rinse its food in water prior to eating it. When there is no water close by, a raccoon will still obstacle its food to remove debris.

Some hypothesize the the objective of a raccoon"s black mask is to mitigate glare, help it to see much better in the dark.

A group of raccoons is referred to as a nursery.

Although raccoons just live 2-3 year in the wild, a raccoon deserve to live up to 20 years in captivity.


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