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An organism that provides its very own food from inorganic ingredients, thereby sustaining chin without eating various other organisms or their molecules. Plants, algae, and also photosynthetic bacteria room autotrophs.
An organism the cannot make its very own organic food molecule from inorganic ingredients and must obtain them through consuming other organisms or your organic products; a consumer or a decomposer in a food chain.
An biology that renders organic food molecule from carbon dioxide, water, and also other inorganic raw materials: a plant, alga, or autotrophic bacterium; the trophic level the supports all others in a food chain or food web.
The aerobic harvest of energy from food molecules; the energy-releasing chemical malfunction of food molecules, such as glucose, and also the warehouse of potential energy in a form that cells can use to do work; involves glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, the electron deliver chain, and chemiosmosis.
Short because that oxidation-reduction reaction; a chemistry reaction in which electron are shed from one substance (oxidation) and added to an additional (reduction). Oxidation and also reduction always occur together.
An electron transport (a molecule the carries electrons) involved in moving respiration and also photosynthesis. NADH carries electron from glucose and also other fuel molecules and deposits them at the height of one electron move chain. NADH is generated during glycolysis and also the citric mountain cycle.
A series of electron carrier molecules that shuttle electrons throughout the redox reactions the release energy used to make ATP; situated in the inner membrane of mitochondria, the thylakoid membrane the chloroplasts, and the plasma membrane the prokaryotes.
The multistep chemical malfunction of a molecule of glucose into two molecules of pyruvic acid; the an initial stage of moving respiration in all organisms; wake up in the cytoplasmic fluid.
The metabolic cycle the is sustained by acetyl CoA created after glycolysis in cellular respiration. Chemical reactions in the cycle finish the metabolic failure of glucose molecule to carbon dioxide. The cycle occurs in the matrix of mitochondria and also supplies many of the NADH molecule that lug energy to the electron transport chains. Additionally referred to as the Krebs cycle.
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A oxidization (oxidation-reduction) reaction in i m sorry one or more electrons are transferred to carrier molecules. A series of together reactions, referred to as an electron carry chain, deserve to release the power stored in high-energy molecules such together glucose. Seealso electron move chain.