You are watching: What is the symbiotic relationship between sea star and sea scallops
Coral are colonial organisms -- tiny organisms that thrive in big groups, or colonies, to kind the large, vibrant structures that comprise coral reefs. Inside each coral polyp lives a single-celled algae called zooxanthellae. The zooxanthellae capture sunlight and perform photosynthesis, giving oxygen and also other nutrients to the coral polyp that help in the survival. In turn, the zooxanthellae is listed with the carbon dioxide expelled by the polyp that it requirements to experience photosynthesis. The existence of the zooxanthellae also carry out colored colors to assist protect the coral"s white skeleton indigenous sunlight. This is a mutual symbiotic relationship that is beneficially to both participants.
Sponges room longtime residents of coral reefs. Using the coral skeleton as a ar to anchor, this sessile, or stationary, organisms carry out shelter because that fish shrimp, crabs and also other tiny animals. In both cases, the symbiosis is commensal.
Sea anemones are additionally common sessile occupants of coral reef. Sea anemones are recognized for your mutually beneficial symbiotic relationships through clown fish and also anemone fish. The tentacles that the anemones provide protection because that the fish and also their eggs while the anemone fish protects the anemone native predators such as the butterfly fish. They may also remove parasites from the anemone"s tentacles.
Sea stars are often uncovered on the reef. Crown-of-thorns sea stars are renowned predators the coral reefs and also have been well-known to devastate whole coral reef colonies. This is a parasitic partnership in the the sea stars find food in the polyps the the coral conversely, the coral is stripped under to that skeleton and also left to die.
Many varieties of worms additionally make their houses within the cracks and crevices of the coral reef whereby they are safe from predators. Some species, however, such together the Christmas tree worms, in reality bore right into the skeleton that the coral, damaging it in search of food and protection. This is one more example of a parasitic symbiotic relationship on coral reef.
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Carolyn LaRoche started writing professionally in 2010 as a freelance writer for miscellaneous websites. She has actually a Bachelor of art in organic sciences/premedical research studies from the State college of new York, Oswego, and also a understand of science in forensic chemistry native the college of brand-new Haven.
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