Andes hills facts:

Where room the Andes Mountains?

The Andes mountains line the west edge of south America, native Venezuela every the method along Chile to southern America"s southerly tip, crossing v Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. There’s no other location on the surface ar of the earth that is farther from the earth’s centre than the peak of Chimborazo in the Ecuadorean Andes, located in Ecuador, mountain Chimborazo is a dormant volcano. It last erupted end 10 centuries ago.

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How lengthy is the Andes hills range?

The Andes are the world"s longest continental hill range, about 9,000 km in all. Castle lie together a constant chain the highland follow me the western coastline of southern America, along that route, they cross v Ecuador, Peru, and also Bolivia .The range is over 7,000 km (4,300 miles) long, 200 kilometres (120 miles) come 700 kilometres (430 miles) broad and of an average elevation of around 4,000 m (13,000 ft). End its length, the Andean variety is split into numerous ranges, often two great ranges, named Cordillera Oriental and also the Cordillera Occidental, frequently separated by an intermediary depression. The Andes Mountains expand over seven countries: Argentina (Mount Aconcagua), Bolivia (Huayna Potosi), Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and also Venezuela, recognized as Andean States.

How high room the Andes Mountains?

The average elevation in the Andes is around 13,000 feet (3,962 meters). The only mountains that are taller 보다 the Andes room the Himalaya Mountains and also their surrounding ranges, including the Hindu Kush.

Andes greatest peak?

The greatest elevation in the Andes is mount Aconcagua in Argentina, which is 22,841 feet (6,962 m) above sea level.

What is the climate the the Andes Mountains?

Because the Andes act as a large wall in between the Pacific Ocean and the continent, they have actually a tremendous impact on climate in the region. The northern component of the Andes is generally rainy and warm, and the weather is additionally wet in the eastern component of central Andes, and the area to the southwest. To the west, the dry climate is overcame by the Atacama Desert in north Chile. The mountains form a rain cover end the eastern plains of Argentina, i beg your pardon have very dry weather.

How old are the Andes Mountains?

The Andes hills are end 50 million years old, lock were created when the southern American and Pacific tectonic key collided. It is a collection of many mountain chains which sign up with together in what are referred to as orographic knots. The development of the modern Andes began with the occasions of the Triassic and also Jurassic when Pangea started to rest up and also several rifts developed. It was during the Cretaceous duration that the Andes began to take their current form, by the uplifting, faulting and folding the sedimentary and also metamorphic rock of the ancient cratons to the east. The rise of the Andes has not been continuous and different regions have had different degrees of tectonic stress, uplift, and weathering.

What plants prosper in the Andes?

About 30,000 types of Vascular tree live in the Andes, vascular plants include the society mosses, horsetails, ferns, gymnosperms (including conifers) and angiosperms (flowering plants). The little tree Cinchona pubescens, a source of quinine i beg your pardon is offered to law malaria, is discovered widely in the Andes as far south together Bolivia. Various other important crops that come from the Andes room tobacco and potatoes. The high-altitude Polylepis forests and also woodlands are found in the Andean areas of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and also Chile. These trees are called Quenua by locals, Yagual and other names, have the right to be discovered at altitudes the 4,500 m (14,760 ft) over sea level.

What crops are get an impression in the Andes?

In the valleys, maize was grown in addition to other plants of high food value, such together Andean grains (quinoa, amaranth), leguminous tree such as beans and also lupins, and roots such together arracacha, yacón and also chagos. Tomatoes and also potatoes, 2 of the most prevalent food plants in the world, originated from the Andes. Peru, one of Andes organize countries, is residence to at the very least 3,800 different varieties that potatoes. It’s also worth noting that Coca pipeline originated indigenous the western slopes of the Andean mountains. Coca tea is a famous beverage in the high Andes, thanks to its performance in relieving symptom of altitude sickness.

What pets can be uncovered in the Andes?

In the Andes about 3,700 types of animals can be found, including 500 types of mammals, 1,600 varieties of birds, 500 types of reptiles, and 300 varieties of fishes, and an ext than 100 species of amphibians. High hills are a dreary habitat for wild life, so mammals living there have actually thick woolly fur.

What minerals are uncovered in the Andes Mountains?

The Andes are one of the best sources that mineral wide range in the world. Andean mines account for an ext than 45 percent the the world"s copper production, virtually 30 percent the the silver production, far-reaching amounts of lead, zinc, gold and range of industrial minerals and chemicals.

What is the populace of the Andes?

The populace in the Andes is approximated at 84,500,000 people with 44% situated in the Andean countries. Therefore, it is estimated that a third of world living in south America live in the Andes specifically in significant cities. The occupants of the Ecuadorian Andes are mainly Quechua speakers and also mestizos, in the southern there are little groups that Canaris and in the north, Salasacas. Farming (corn, potatoes, broad beans) is the main occupation, part Indian occupants engage in ceramics and also weaving.

When is the best time come visit the Andes?

December come March is the merganser season in the Andes, The best time to visit the Andes is in may to Oct, as soon as it is cooler (particularly the additional south girlfriend go) however dry, with the finest chance of blue skies and breath acquisition clear views. Temperature in the Andes depend much more on altitude 보다 on season. The Andes are among the most sought after take trip destinations in southern America, specifically for tourists who love high-altitude expeditions. These mountain ranges sell a playground because that myriad outdoor adventures, including mountain climbing, stargazing, hiking, cycling, white water rafting, skiing, and horse riding.

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