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ionic bond, additionally called electrovalent bond, form of linkage developed from the electrostatic attraction in between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond forms when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom are transferred permanently to another atom. The atom the loses the electrons becomes a positively fee ion (cation), if the one that gains them i do not care a negatively fee ion (anion). A brief treatment that ionic binding follows. For full treatment, see chemistry bonding: The formation of ionic bonds.

Ionic bonding results in compounds well-known as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, which are finest exemplified by the compounds formed in between nonmetals and also the alkali and alkaline-earth metals. In ionic crystalline solids the this kind, the electrostatic pressures of attraction in between opposite charges and also repulsion between comparable charges orient the ions in together a manner that every confident ion becomes surrounding by an unfavorable ions and also vice versa. In short, the ions are so arranged that the hopeful and negative charges alternative and balance one another, the overall charge that the entire substance being zero. The size of the electrostatic pressures in ionic crystals is considerable. Accordingly, these substances have tendency to it is in hard and nonvolatile.



Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The salt atom has a solitary electron in the outermost shell, when chlorine needs...

An ionic bond is in reality the extreme situation of a polar covalent bond, the latter resulting from unequal share of electrons rather than finish electron transfer. Ionic bond typically form when the distinction in the electronegativities the the 2 atoms is great, when covalent bonds kind when the electronegativities are similar. Compare covalent bond.

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