Explanation:

Ionization energy goes up across the period and down as friend go down the group. This is the power required to remove an electron. The the listed elements it would certainly be hardest to eliminate an electron from Flourine as the confident nucleus close to the electron orbitals has better attractive force.

You are watching: Which of the following elements has the smallest atomic radius?


Explanation:

Helium has actually the smallest atomic radius. This is as result of trends in the regular table, and also the reliable nuclear charge that holds the valence electron close come the nucleus. Atom radius decreases together you move throughout a duration from left come right and decreases together you move up a team from bottom come top. Due to the fact that He is in ~ the upper right-hand corner of the table, that must have actually the the smallest atomic radius.


Explanation:

The regular table enables you come follow general guidelines or "trends" the are displayed on the table. Atom radius is one together trend. Together you move down in groups, further shells are included to the atom which outcomes in an increase in radius. Together you relocate to the right on the routine table, the nuclear charge increases which traction the elctrons closer come the nucleus. Together a result, the atomic radius will certainly decrease when moving to the right.


Explanation:

Atomic radius decreases as you relocate left to best on the periodic table. As atomic number increases, so does the number of positive proton in the nucleus. Come the far left the a period, electrons room widespread within a new electronic shell. Come the far right that the period, the electron still occupy the exact same shell, but experience better attractive force toward the nucleus due to the higher number of proton present.

While the is true the flourine is the most electronegative element, this go not influence atomic radius (though the two fads follow comparable patterns).


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Example inquiry #45 : The regular Table


The distinction in the atomic radii of fluorine and also lithium is most comparable to the difference in the atomic radii of i beg your pardon pair that elements?


Possible Answers:

Cs and Bi


Fe and also Br


As and also Se


Be and B


Na and Cl


Correct answer:

Na and Cl


Explanation:

The atomic radius of elements decreases together one move from left come right throughout the routine table. The level to i beg your pardon lithium has actually a bigger atomic radius 보다 fluorine is most similar to the distinction between one more pair of aspects within the exact same groups, that are likewise found on the left and right sides of the table.

Fluorine and also chlorine space both halogens, and lithium and also sodium space both alkali metals. Fluorine and lithium are both in the 2nd period, and sodium and also chlorine are both in the third. Together you relocate from lithium come fluorine across the table, you will certainly see similar changes and also patterns together if girlfriend were relocating from sodium to chlorine.


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Example question #46 : The routine Table


Which of the complying with atoms has actually the biggest atomic radius?


Possible Answers:

Chlorine


Oxygen


Fluorine


Sulfur


Correct answer:

Sulfur


Explanation:

When predicting how atomic radius will adjust as you relocate along the routine table, remember these two trends.

1. As you relocate down the table in a offered group, the atom radius that the atoms will increase.

2. As you relocate left to best in a provided period, the atomic radius will certainly decrease.

Knowing this, we have the right to compare the feasible options. Sulfur and chlorine room in the lowest period, so they have the biggest atomic radii. Due to the fact that sulfur is come the left that chlorine ~ above the regular table, the will have actually a bigger atomic radius. Together a result, sulfur has actually the biggest atomic radius out of the possible options.


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Example concern #47 : The routine Table


Which that the complying with atoms has actually the the smallest atomic radius?


Possible Answers:

Nitrogen


Chlorine


Oxygen


Sulfur


Fluorine


Correct answer:

Fluorine


Explanation:

As you move throughout a single duration (row) top top the regular table, the atomic radius that each succeeding atom decreases. As you relocate down a single group (column), the atomic radius the each succeeding atom increases. Together you relocate down a group, the maximum energy level that the valence shell increases, therefore increasing the dimension of the electron cloud and also atomic radius. Together you move across a period to the right, the number of protons in the nucleus increases. This also increases the attraction between the positively-charged nucleus and also negatively-charged electrons, pulling the electron in tighter and also reducing the atomic radius.

The the smallest atoms space going to be situated toward the upper right of the regular table. The our provided answer choices, fluorine is the closest to the upper right, and also thus has the the smallest radius.


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Example inquiry #48 : The periodic Table


Which the the following values walk not increase as you move left to appropriate in a period of the regular table?


Possible Answers:

Electronegativity


Atomic radius


Electron affinity


Ionization energy


Correct answer:

Atomic radius


Explanation:

Atomic radius will certainly decrease as you relocate to the right, because the atomic variety of the element will be increasing. This results in a an ext positively charged nucleus that pulls the electron closer come the center. As a result, atom radius will especially decrease from left come right.

Electronegativity, ionization energy, and also electron affinity all increase to the right of the regular table.


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Example concern #49 : The routine Table


List the following aspects in order of decreasing atomic radius.

Neon, fluorine, chlorine, oxygen, sodium, magnesium

 


Possible Answers:

*



*


*


*


Correct answer:


Explanation:

Within the same period of the regular table, atom radii decrease as there are more charged corpuscle to lure one another, and within the same group, atom radii increases. The boost from the ascending group typically speaking is larger than the decrease down a period.

Four that the elements provided are in ~ the exact same period, so us will place those four facets in order of decreasing atom radii:

*

Now we simply need to place Neon, Fluorine, and Oxygen, which space in the same period. The trend of diminish radii with raising atomic number is not true because that noble gases, as they have a finish octet and are slightly bigger to offset electron-electron repulsion from the octet. In order of decreasing atom radius:

*

The rise from the octet is much less than the increase from electron-electron repulsion.


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Example inquiry #50 : The periodic Table


Which that the adhering to have the biggest atomic radii within their respective periods (row)?


Possible Answers:

The noble gases


Alkali metals


Transition metals


Halogens


Correct answer:

Alkali metals


Explanation:

The alkali steels are uncovered in the first group (column) that the periodic table, top top the leftmost side. They have only 1 loose bound electron in your outermost shells, and also their effective nuclear fee values space low, offering them the biggest atomic radii of every the aspects in your periods.


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