One person responsible because that making Florence a wealthy place was Cosimo de’ Medici that took over the family bank in 1430s. The Medici financial institution innovated in bookkeeping, debit-and-credit-accounting and also by controlling the fortunes that the wealthy, became wealthy themselves. Commercial breakthrough brought prosperity. Money and also goods flowed right into Italy from all roughly the world and also Italy to be rich. Among the determinants that brought about the Renaissance to happen in Italy was this wealth and also patronage the wealthy world like the Medici. The was no it though. Over there was one more important factor: the discovery of the past. The Tides of background podcast episode on the Renaissance bring away a depths look.

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As the cities became wealthy, over there was invest in art, education and also architecture. The urbanized Italians, who had morphed right into a society of ideas, had actually lots of concerns on such topics and also they found their answer in ancient Rome. It detailed them accuse on education, linguistics and also art, political ideology. There was a yearning for the past and it was a time the rebirth and also the old was respectable due to the fact that it to be tried and also tested before.

The Italians interpreted that there to be a glorious past and also then a fall. Roman concepts had stayed for more than fifty percent a millennia and also was durable and also reverence for the Roman past spread everywhere. This rediscovery caused a social revolution and also from Italy, it diffused right into a more comprehensive Europe and also freed Europe from its dark past right into what they dubbed Enlightenment. (But what lock did was to enslave remainder of the world and also so europe progress has to be seen v a large sack that salt)

A new book top top Leonardo da Vinci broadens on the idea the the influence of the roman inn past. Cosimo de’ Medici to be schooled in Greek and also Roman literature and also was a collector of old manuscripts. Brunelleschi, one architect,. Travel to Rome and studied the timeless ruins. They measured domes, studied good buildings and also read the functions of old Romans favor Vitruvius. Leonardo learned Vitruvius and also was fascinated by his in-depth study of human proportions. This interest in the old past restored the writings of Pliny the Elder who praised artist who illustrated nature accurately. The domes, reality depiction that space, perspective, depiction of human forms — every were influenced by Rome.

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Why go Renaissance take place in Italy and not elsewhere. It to be not simply wealth and also the rediscovery of classics that caused the Renaissance to happen. There was a rediscovery of the old classics in the 9th century and also later again in the 12th. But what made the 14th century rediscovery different was the depth and scale come which people went right into the classics. Main and northern Italy was urban. While there to be only 5 cities through a population much more than 40,000 north of the Alps, there were two v 100,000 in Tuscany alone there were numerous cities surrounded by the countryside. In the 9th and also 12th centuries, only a tiny population was literate. Compared to that proficiency rates in 14th century Italy was high. That created a culture of concepts instead that a small group of intellectual elite.